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標題: Characteristics, morphology, and stabilization mechanism of PAA250K-stabilized bimetal nanoparticles
作者: Lin, Y.H.
Tseng, H.H.
Wey, M.Y.
Lin, M.D.
關鍵字: Zero valent iron;Bimetal;PAA;Aggregation;Dispersion;Morphology;zero-valent iron;spectroscopy hr-xps;situ ftir-atr;porous-media;poly(acrylic acid);transport characteristics;particles;surface;groundwater;polyacrylate
Project: Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects
期刊/報告no:: Colloids and Surfaces a-Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, Volume 349, Issue 1-3, Page(s) 137-144.
Injection of bimetal (Pd/Fe) nanoparticles was evidenced as a promising treatment to remediate trichloroethene (TCE) polluted groundwater. However, the particles usually aggregate rapidly and result in a very limited migration distance. This study employed poly acrylic acid (PAA) for the synthesis of stable bimetal nanoparticles (SBN) by selecting appropriate PAA molecular weight and dosage to reduce particle aggregation. In addition, this study elucidated the SBN stabilization mechanism by analyzing morphology and characteristics. The results of TCE dechlorination and SBN stabilization experiments indicate that the bimetal nanoparticles modified with PAA250K exhibit better reactivity and stability characteristics than did other such nanoparticles. The SBN bind chemically onto PAA250K via the carboxylic group and bidentate pattern bridging, which could provide both electrostatic and steric repulsion to prevent particle aggregation. Therefore, the SBN exhibited a higher dechlorination effect than did bare bimetal. The morphology of SBN shown in the transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images exhibits capsule-like and wire-like structures instead of a single particle dispersed in the slurry. The results of this work can preliminarily elucidate the SBN's morphology, dispersion, and size distribution. (C) 2009 Elsevier B. V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0927-7757
DOI: 10.1016/j.colsurfa.2009.08.007
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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