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標題: Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead) (Hymenoptera : Braconidae) and its host Myzus persicae (Sulzer) (Homoptera : Aphididae) with mathematical proof of the relationship between female fecundity and the net reproductive rate
作者: Chi, H.
齊 心
Su, H.Y.
關鍵字: life table;Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead);Myzus persicae (Sulzer);parasitoid;bemisia-argentifolii homoptera;green peach aphid;intrinsic rate;biology;population;aleyrodidae;aphelinidae;parameters;increase;history
Project: Environmental Entomology
期刊/報告no:: Environmental Entomology, Volume 35, Issue 1, Page(s) 10-21.
Life history data for Aphidius gifuensis (Ashmead) and Myzus persicae (Sulzer) were collected in the laboratory. To consider both sexes and variable developmental rates among individuals, the raw data were analyzed using the age-stage, two-sex life table. The intrinsic rate of increase (r) for A. gifuensis is 0.264 d(-1). The mean parasitism rate is 92.3 aphids per female. The intrinsic rate of increase for M. persicae is 0.252 d(-1). For applying the female age-specific life table to a female population, we prove that the relationship between the mean female fecundity (F) and the net reproductive rate (R-o) is R-o = s(a)F, where s(a) is the preadult survival rate. When the female age-specific life table is applied to two-sex populations, the relationship between F and R-o is R-o = s(a)wF, where s(a) is the preadult survival rate of females, and w is the female proportion in offspring. This is valid when w is a constant for the age-specific fecundity (m(x)) of all ages. Because sexing preadult individuals is difficult, and obtaining a constant sex ratio in offspring is uncertain, determining preadult mortality of the individual sexes may be problematical. As a result, calculations of the age-specific survival rate (l(x)) and fecundity and population parameters may be adversely affected. Moreover, if l(x) and m(x) are constructed based on adult age, they may also cause errors in population parameters. Because the application of female age-specific life table to stage-structured bisexual population results in inaccuracies, we recommend that the age-stage, two-sex life table should be used in insect demographic studies.
ISSN: 0046-225X
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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