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標題: Elevation of plasminogen activators in cerebrospinal fluid of mice with eosinophilic meningitis caused by Angiostrongylus cantonensis
作者: Hou, R.F.
Tu, W.C.
Lee, H.H.
Chen, K.M.
Chou, H.L.
Lai, S.C.
關鍵字: Angiostrongylus cantonensis;eosinophilic meningitis;plasminogen;activator;proteinase;blood-brain barrier;urokinase-type;bacterial-meningitis;expression;fibrinolysis;pathogenesis;inhibitors;disease;sepsis;system
Project: International Journal for Parasitology
期刊/報告no:: International Journal for Parasitology, Volume 34, Issue 12, Page(s) 1355-1364.
A hallmark of parasitic meningitis is the infiltration of eosinophils into the subarachnoid space. Infection with Angiostrongylus cantonensis in mice induced proteinase activity in parallel with the pathological changes of eosinophilic meningitis. Zymogram analysis demonstrated that 70 and 55 kDa proteinases from cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) were active against the casein/plasminogen substrate. The proteinase activities were clearly inhibited by phenylmethanesulphonyl fluoride but not by ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid, 1,10-phenanthroline or leupeptin. Western blotting confirmed these enzymes to be tissue-type plasminogen activator and urokinase-type plasminogen activator, respectively. High activities of tissue-type plasminogen activator and urokinase-type plasminogen activator were detected in the CSF of mice with eosinophilic meningitis, and correlated positively with CSF eosinophil numbers and total protein, respectively. Immunohistochemistry demonstrated that tissue-type plasminogen activator and urokinase-type plasminogen activator localised in the endothelial cells of blood vessels, in blood clots and in infiltrated leukocytes. These results suggest that tissue-type plasminogen activator and urokinase-type plasminogen activator may be play a role in the pathogenesis of eosinophilic meningitis of angiostrongyliasis. (C) 2004 Australian Society for Parasitology Inc. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0020-7519
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijpara.2004.08.01
Appears in Collections:昆蟲學系

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