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標題: 過硫酸鹽活化程序對整治難分解性有機污染物之適用性篩選試驗
Screening of various persulfate activations for remediating persistent organic compounds
作者: 雷鎔瑄
Lei, Jung-Hsuan
關鍵字: In situ chemical oxidation;現地化學氧化法;persulfate activations;sulfate radical;chemical probe;persistent organic compounds;活化過硫酸鹽;硫酸根自由基;化學探針;難分解性有機污染物
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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According to soil and groundwater contaminant control standards, organic contaminants can be classified as monocyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(MAHs), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs), chlorinated hydrocarbons(CHs), pesticides and total petroleum hydrocarbons(TPHs), etc., which are persistent substances and resistant to degradation under natural environmental conditions. Therefore, this study focused on the treatability of 53 mixed organics including MAHs(benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylenes), PAHs(naphthalene), HHCs(halogenated alkanes, halogenated alkenes, halogenated aromatics) and 6 phenolic compounds with various persulfate activations. Furthemore, based on the selected most suitable persulfate activation process, optimum operating conditions including dosages of persulfate and activator and reaction time for treating chloroform were investigated. In addition, the chemical probe technique was applied to identify the radical species produced in the persulfate activation system.

The results of persulfate activation feasibility study revealed that thermal and base activated persulfate were capable of effectively degrading 53 mixed organic compounds and 6 phenolic compounds. When comparing these two activation systems, the lower persulfate consumption during base activated persulfate was observed and hence this process exhibited a great potential for remediating persistent organics contamination. Moreover, it was found that the dosage of base revealed no noticeable effects on chloroform degradation. However, the increase of persulfate concentration resulted in the increase in chloroform degradation efficiency. The results of radical identification experiments revealed that under base-activated persulfate process HO‧ is the major radical oxidizing species.
其他識別: U0005-0807201111033800
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