Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/4994
標題: 添加二氧化氯對養殖水水質改善與水質淨化之試驗研究
Testing study on the water quality improvement and purification of aquaculture water by adding chlorine dioxide
作者: 姜俞亦
Chiang, Yu-Yi
關鍵字: Chlorine dioxide;二氧化氯;Aquaculture;Aquaculture waste water;Toxicity;養殖;養殖廢水處理;毒性
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
在水產養殖中,投入過量的飼料與水產生物的代謝活動或是排泄殘體都會造成水質的惡化,主要為亞硝酸與氨氮的累積與致病菌的大量滋生。二氧化氯具有強氧化力與消毒能力,但國內利用二氧化氯應用於水產養殖上的研究並不完備,本研究利用市售高純度二氧化氯進行以下三種試驗:處理人工配製對水產養殖有害的純物質廢水,包含亞硝酸、氨氮、大腸桿菌的淡海水溶液;處理實驗室內養殖的養殖水體;以Microtox測定二氧化氯與其無機副產物亞氯酸與氯酸在水中可能產生的生物毒性。研究結果顯示高純度二氧化氯對淡水與海水中的亞硝酸有明顯的去除功效,且反應迅速;對氨氮在淡水中效果不佳,在海水中其去除率與海水濃度與加入的二氧化氯濃度相關;在淡水與海水中對大腸桿菌的去除都相當有效,加入0.25 mg/L 二氧化氯反應 15 分鐘即可達到 99.99% 與 99.83的殺菌率。在實驗室養殖的廢水處理上,水體中的亞硝酸、大腸桿菌及COD有明顯的去除效果。生物毒性實驗結果顯示二氧化氯的毒性最高,亞氯酸次之,而氯酸則幾乎為無毒性。

In respect of aquaculture, the excess of fodder and metabolism activity of aquatic organism or excrement may result in the deterioration of water quality as the accumulation of nitrous acid and ammonia nitrogen causes considerable propagation of bacillus. Chlorine dioxide possesses powerful oxidization and disinfection abilities, nevertheless, the research regarding utilization of chlorine dioxide applied in aquaculture in domestic area is not sufficient. The research utilize ready-made high purity chlorine dioxide to make three experiments as follows: treatment on purity material wastewater from artificiality, which is harmful to aquaculture: including freshwater and seawater solutions of nitrous acid, ammonia nitrogen and colon bacillus; treatment on cultivated aquatic organism in laboratory culture; measuring by means of Microtox on chlorine dioxide and inorganic by-products: chlorite and chlorate which may generate biological toxicity in water .According to the result of the research, it appears that high purity chlorine dioxide has significant effect of removal on nitrous acid either in freshwater or in seawater and with rapidity of reaction . Further, ammonia nitrogen does not take good effect in freshwater, while its removal rate in seawater has relation with concentrations of seawater and chlorine dioxide added;Moreover, the removal on colon bacillus in either freshwater or in seawater takes good effect, and it can reach 99.99%and 99.83% of disinfection rate if adding 0.25mg/L chlorine dioxide with reaction time for 15minutes .In terms of wastewater treatment in laboratory culture , nitrous acid , colon bacillus and COD in aquatic organism provide significant effects of removal. In addition, according to the result of experiment on biological toxicity, it shows that chlorine dioxide has the highest toxicity, and the next is chlorite, while chlorate is almost out of toxicity.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/4994
其他識別: U0005-1807201110502200
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