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標題: 過硫酸鹽氧化處理柴油污染土壤之可行性評估
Feasibility study for treatment of diesel-contaminated soil with persulfate
作者: 郭奕妤
Guo, Yi-Yu
關鍵字: Diesel;柴油;total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPHs);persulfate activation;hydrogen peroxide;pyrite;總石油碳氫化合物;活化過硫酸鹽;過氧化氫;黃鐵礦
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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本研究評估經由鹼、鐵活化過硫酸鈉(SPS)及雙氧化系統(H2O2/SPS)處理柴油污染土壤之可行性。鹼活化過硫酸鹽之反應系統以生石灰(CaO)及氫氧化鈉(NaOH)作為提供鹼性之反應條件,並且探討土壤性質、熱、試劑添加順序及反應時間之影響。實驗配製石英砂及砂土兩種柴油污染土壤,反應採批次實驗方式進行。由實驗結果得知兩種污染土壤於反應七天後,最佳降解結果為約20%去除率,此外,一次添加及兩階段添加氧化劑之反應結果亦得知並無進一步之污染物產生降解。NaOH添加之反應條件主要造成石英砂中之柴油脫附於水相中,而CaO的添加並無造成此現象發生;此外,於砂土實驗中可知,柴油大多以吸附相存在於土壤中。實驗進一步提高過硫酸鹽濃度(0.1至0.5 M)及延長反應時間(7天至14及28天)下進行,結果得知此些反應條件之調整於反應28天時皆可達到約30%的污染物降解,綜觀以上氧化處理柴油污染,由於柴油之低水中溶解度,使得其去除率並不顯著。
實驗進一步藉由界面活性劑(Tween 80)之添加以增加柴油水中溶解度,藉此提高鹼活化過硫酸鹽處理柴油污染土壤之效率,採用1.0% Tween 80及NaOH/SPS濃度比為2.0/0.5時,最佳污染物移除效率為35%,結果顯示整體的處理效率亦並無明顯之提升,此乃因即使柴油溶解度增加,但Tween 80亦產生對氧化反應之干擾。
鐵活化過硫酸鹽系統則以黃鐵礦(FeS2)作為二價鐵之來源,結果顯示採用0.5 M SPS及6 g/L FeS2之反應條件,於3天反應時間後可達40%之柴油降解,但受限於柴油無法有效傳輸至水相中而無法達到完全降解。此外,雙氧化之反應系統則造成柴油之最佳移除效率達約56%,由於兩種強氧化劑(H2O2及SPS)同時參與氧化反應造成多種自由基之生成,使得雙氧化系統有較佳之柴油降解效率。

This study was to evaluate the feasibility of treating diesel contaminated soils with base and iron activated sodium persulfate (SPS) and dual oxidation system (H2O2/SPS). The alkaline source, lime (CaO) and sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and various factors including soil type, heat, reagent addition sequence and reaction time were also investigated in base activation system. Batch experiments were conducted using two soils (silica sand and sandy soil) spiked with diesel. Initial results showed that best diesel degradation was approximate 20% of diesel removal after 7 days of reaction time in the presence of either soil samples. Besides, no significant improvement on degradation of diesel was noted in the single or two-stage addition of SPS. The desorption of diesel from silica sand to aqueous phase was observed with addition of NaOH, but the observation did not occur with addition of CaO. In addition, it can be seen that diesel was mainly present as sorbed phase in the sandy soil system. Further experiments were carried out with elevated concentration of persulfate (from 0.1 M to 0.5 M) and extended reaction time (from 7 days to 14 and 28 days). Results revealed that about 30% of diesel removal observed after 28 days of reaction time. In summary, due to a low water solubility of diesel, the removal efficiency of diesel was not significant under all experimental conditions.
Furthermore, the addition of surfactant (Tween 80) for increasing the solubility of diesel to enhance the treatment of diesel contaminated soil was evaluated. The optimal removal efficiency of 35% was achieved with 1.0% Tween and NaOH/SPS mole ration of 2.0/0.5. The results indicated that it was incapable to substantially increase the overall degradation efficiency of contaminants with addition of surfactant. The reason was due to competition between surfactant and diesel for oxidation.
Pyrite as a ferrous source for activating persulfate was applied and 40% removal of diesel was reached with 0.5 M SPS and 6 g/L FeS2 for 3 days of reaction. However, since diesel can't be effectively released to the aqueous phase, complete degradation of diesel was not achieved. Moreover, the best removal of diesel (about 56%) was achieved in dual oxidation system. Because of two strong oxidants involved in dual oxidation system, various radical oxidant species participated in degradation of diesel and resulted superior performance than other experimental conditions evaluated in this study.
其他識別: U0005-1907201117113500
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