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Study on the Characteristics and the Emission Factors of Hazardous Metallic Elements Emitted from an Incinerator
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此外在煙道採樣期間，同時進行焚化廠周界大氣懸浮微粒的採樣，其四個周界測站量測 PM2.5-10中Zn平均質量濃度約為43.5 ng/m3、Ni為2.7 ng/m3、Pb為6.9 ng/m3、Cu為12.7 ng/m3；而其PM2.5中Zn平均質量濃度約為210.7 ng/m3、Ni為7.7 ng/m3、Pb為61.8 ng/m3、Cu為26.9 ng/m3，然周界測站數據顯示，焚化廠排放對於周界上下風處之大氣懸浮微粒影響並不明顯。
In order to understand the metallic composition of emitted fine particulates from a municipal waste incinerator in central Taiwan, PM2.5 and fly ash , as well as dust samples were collected from the the incinerator and its surrounding. Ambient PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were simultaneously collected from November 23 to December 3, 2010 at Wurih, Shinan, Da Kuai Guan and Chung Hsing stations. The heavy metallic elements(Al、Cd、Zn、Pb、As、Se、Sb、Cu、Ni、V)in the samples were digested using a microwave method and then further analyzed using an Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry. The purpose of this study is to provide the emission factors of PM2.5 and it metallic consistent. Results from this study will aid in assessing the influence of the incinerator on the environment.
The average emission factor of the PM2.5 from the incinerator was approximately 1.43×103 mg/ton. The abundance of the metallic elements in PM2.5 is ranked as Zn>Ni>Al>Pb>Cu>As>Sb>V>Cd>Se. Results also indicate that Zn, Ni, Pb and Cu are characteristic elements emitted from this incinerator. Aboundance of Ni may result from burning the industrial wastes. Based on the sampling results from the stack, the mass concentration of Cd and Pb comply with domestic regulations standards. Emission factors obtained in this study are lower than those reported in the AP-42 given by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The lower emissions of this incinerator may result from the effective control devices consisting of a semi-dry scrubber and a bag filter. Results also indicate that the higher abundance and volatility of metallic compounds As, Zn, Cu, Ni and V are greater in the flue particulates as compared to that in fly ash due to the high temperature in the incinerator.
The airborne particulates in the surroundings of the incinerator were collected simultaneously during the stack sampling period. The average concentration of Zn、Ni、Pb and Cu in PM2.5-10 were 43.5 ng/m3、2.7 ng/m3、6.9 ng/m3 and 12.7 ng/m3,while the mean mass concentration of Zn、Ni、Pb and Cu in PM2.5 were 210.7 ng/m3、7.7 ng/m3、61.8 ng/m3 and 26.9 ng/m3,respectively. Metal compound concentration on upwind and downwind from the incinerator did not show a significant differnece.
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