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dc.contributorBen-Jei Tsuangen_US
dc.contributorKen-Hui Changen_US
dc.contributorLi-Hao Youngen_US
dc.contributor.advisorMan-Ting Chengen_US
dc.contributor.authorLiu, Chiu-Yingen_US
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dc.description.abstract為瞭解台灣中部地區某一都市垃圾焚化廠排放細懸浮微粒的特性及其重金屬組成,本研究於2010年11月至12月期間收集焚化廠煙道PM2.5粒狀污染物與飛灰及周界塵土樣本,且於採樣期間內分別在烏日、溪南、大快官及中興測站,進行焚化廠周界大氣懸浮微粒之PM2.5及PM2.5-10的採集,最後皆以微波消化法配合感應耦合電漿質譜儀分析微粒中10種金屬元素(Al、Cd、Zn、Pb、As、Se、Sb、Cu、Ni及V)的濃度,其數據結果可建立煙道排放管道之PM2.5及其金屬元素排放係數,且同時提供焚化廠周界空氣懸浮微粒的組成特性,以作為未來評估焚化爐排放對環境影響之參考資料。 研究結果顯示此焚化廠煙道PM2.5的排放係數約為1.43×103 mg/ton,另排放PM2.5中所含金屬元素濃度依序為Zn>Ni>Al>Pb>Cu>As>Sb>V>Cd>Se,其中Zn、Ni、Pb及Cu為此焚化廠排放之特徵元素,Ni的來源推測與燃燒工業廢棄物有關,而在煙道中元素的質量濃度均符合國內法規規範,且較美國環保署所提供AP-42之排放係數低,主要此焚化廠係以半乾式洗滌塔及袋濾式集塵器除塵系統,可有效收集粒狀污染物;另煙道中的As、Zn、Cu、Ni及V元素的含量較飛灰高,主要與金屬化合物的揮發性及焚化時溫度有關。 此外在煙道採樣期間,同時進行焚化廠周界大氣懸浮微粒的採樣,其四個周界測站量測 PM2.5-10中Zn平均質量濃度約為43.5 ng/m3、Ni為2.7 ng/m3、Pb為6.9 ng/m3、Cu為12.7 ng/m3;而其PM2.5中Zn平均質量濃度約為210.7 ng/m3、Ni為7.7 ng/m3、Pb為61.8 ng/m3、Cu為26.9 ng/m3,然周界測站數據顯示,焚化廠排放對於周界上下風處之大氣懸浮微粒影響並不明顯。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIn order to understand the metallic composition of emitted fine particulates from a municipal waste incinerator in central Taiwan, PM2.5 and fly ash , as well as dust samples were collected from the the incinerator and its surrounding. Ambient PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were simultaneously collected from November 23 to December 3, 2010 at Wurih, Shinan, Da Kuai Guan and Chung Hsing stations. The heavy metallic elements(Al、Cd、Zn、Pb、As、Se、Sb、Cu、Ni、V)in the samples were digested using a microwave method and then further analyzed using an Inductively Coupled Plasma-mass Spectrometry. The purpose of this study is to provide the emission factors of PM2.5 and it metallic consistent. Results from this study will aid in assessing the influence of the incinerator on the environment. The average emission factor of the PM2.5 from the incinerator was approximately 1.43×103 mg/ton. The abundance of the metallic elements in PM2.5 is ranked as Zn>Ni>Al>Pb>Cu>As>Sb>V>Cd>Se. Results also indicate that Zn, Ni, Pb and Cu are characteristic elements emitted from this incinerator. Aboundance of Ni may result from burning the industrial wastes. Based on the sampling results from the stack, the mass concentration of Cd and Pb comply with domestic regulations standards. Emission factors obtained in this study are lower than those reported in the AP-42 given by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. The lower emissions of this incinerator may result from the effective control devices consisting of a semi-dry scrubber and a bag filter. Results also indicate that the higher abundance and volatility of metallic compounds As, Zn, Cu, Ni and V are greater in the flue particulates as compared to that in fly ash due to the high temperature in the incinerator. The airborne particulates in the surroundings of the incinerator were collected simultaneously during the stack sampling period. The average concentration of Zn、Ni、Pb and Cu in PM2.5-10 were 43.5 ng/m3、2.7 ng/m3、6.9 ng/m3 and 12.7 ng/m3,while the mean mass concentration of Zn、Ni、Pb and Cu in PM2.5 were 210.7 ng/m3、7.7 ng/m3、61.8 ng/m3 and 26.9 ng/m3,respectively. Metal compound concentration on upwind and downwind from the incinerator did not show a significant differnece.zh_TW
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要 I Abstract II 目錄 IV 圖目錄 VII 表目錄 X 第一章 前言 1 1.1研究緣起 1 1.2研究目的 2 1.3研究方法 3 第二章 文獻回顧 4 2.1大氣懸浮微粒及其元素組成特性 4 2.1.1人為排放元素之主要污染來源 5 2.1.2固定性污染源排放重金屬之特徵 6 2.2都市垃圾焚化爐之特性 7 2.2.1焚化爐空氣污染防治設備 8 2.2.2焚化後重金屬物種型態 9 2.2.3垃圾焚化後飛灰組成特性 11 2.3焚化爐金屬元素之相關研究 12 2.4焚化爐重金屬排放特性及其排放因子之相關研究 13 2.5金屬元素對人體之影響 14 第三章 實驗與研究方法 17 3.1大氣懸浮微粒實驗規劃 17 3.1.1採樣地點及時間 17 3.1.2採樣儀器設備 20 3.1.3採樣濾紙處理程序 21 3.2再懸浮樣本收集與處理 22 3.2.1焚化爐飛灰樣本收集 23 3.2.2焚化廠周界塵土樣本收集 25 3.3排放管道中粒狀污染物採樣與分析 26 3.3.1採樣公式計算 27 3.4大氣懸浮微粒樣本金屬元素分析方法 34 3.4.1微粒樣本之消化處理程序 34 3.4.2金屬元素濃度之定量分析 36 3.4.3元素分析之品保與品管 36 3.5大氣懸浮微粒中元素污染來源之研究方法 40 3.5.1富集因子法 40 3.5.2時間加權平均風花圖 41 3.5.3主成分因子分析 42 第四章 結果與討論 44 4.1焚化爐飛灰與煙道粒狀物化學組成之研究 44 4.1.1煙道粒狀物之PM2.5金屬元素組成特性 44 4.1.2煙道PM2.5及其元素的排放係數 47 4.1.3煙道與飛灰粒狀物金屬元素含量比較 52 4.1.4煙道粒狀物與周界大氣懸浮微粒之關係 55 4.2焚化廠周界大氣懸浮微粒質量濃度 58 4.2.1四測站質量濃度之分析結果 58 4.2.2高量採樣器質量濃度比對結果 65 4.3焚化廠周界大氣懸浮微粒元素濃度分析結果 67 4.3.1大氣懸浮微粒中元素濃度變化 67 4.3.2大氣懸浮微粒中各元素之粒徑分佈特性 73 4.3.3四測站各元素富集因子分析結果 76 4.3.4與國內外大氣懸浮微粒中元素濃度進行比較 78 4.4四測站各元素污染源之分析 82 4.4.1主成分分析結果 82 4.4.2焚化廠周界大氣微粒中As與Sb的可能來源 98 4.5焚化廠周界塵土元素含量以及與不同指紋資料之比較 107 第五章 結論與建議 112 參考文獻 116 附錄A 123 附錄B 132 附錄C 135 附錄D 137 附錄E 139 附錄F 144 附錄G 146zh_TW
dc.subjectheavy metalen_US
dc.subjectemission factoren_US
dc.titleStudy on the Characteristics and the Emission Factors of Hazardous Metallic Elements Emitted from an Incineratoren_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
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