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標題: Chemical characterization of anaerobic digestion treatment of poultry mortalities
作者: Chen, T.H.
Shyu, W.H.
關鍵字: poultry mortalities;anaerobic digestion;leachbed;upflow anaerobic;sludge blanket;liquid recirculation;long-chained fatty acids;chain fatty-acids;sludge uasb reactor;granular sludge;inhibition
Project: Bioresource Technology
期刊/報告no:: Bioresource Technology, Volume 63, Issue 1, Page(s) 37-48.
Proper disposal of poultry mortalities is of major concern for the poultry industry. A preliminary investigation was conducted to evaluate an anaerobic digestion system as an alternative for poultry mortality disposal. The system consisted of a leachbed (LB) and an upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB), connected in a closed loop. The LB sewed as the hydrolysis/acidification phase, while the UASB sewed as the methanogenesis phase. Effluent from the LB sewed as influent to the UASB while effluent from the UASB overflowed to the LB to continuously inoculate the LB with methanogens. Three experiments were conducted, two at 55 degrees C and one at 35 degrees C. In one of the 55 degrees C experiments, different moisture contents in the LB were tested to evaluate the rate and extent of digestion of the mortalities. Higher initial moisture content in the LB was beneficial to methane production. The mortality was solubilized quickly and converted into a very concentrated effluent. The UASB was able to generate methane efficiently at loading rates below 2 g COD L-1 day(-1). The UASB at 55 degrees C performed poorly when the loading rate exceeded 2g COD L-1 day(-1). Digestion at 35 degrees C looks promising. However, the process needs to be optimized to be competitive with other biological disposal alternatives. (C) 1998 Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.
ISSN: 0960-8524
DOI: 10.1016/s0960-8524(97)00093-x
Appears in Collections:生物產業機電工程學系

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