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|標題:||Expression and regulation of two novel anther-specific genes in Lilium longiflorum||作者:||Tzeng, J.D.
|關鍵字:||Anther-specific gene;Gibberellin;Lily (Lilium longiflorum);Microspore;Tapetum;oryza-sativa l.;arabidopsis-thaliana;gibberellin;proteins;pollen;rice;identification;promoter;ethylene;tapetum||Project:||Journal of Plant Physiology||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Plant Physiology, Volume 166, Issue 4, Page(s) 417-427.||摘要:||
Two stage-specific genes have been isolated from a subtractive cDNA library constructed from developing anthers of lily (Lilium longiflorum). The proteins encoded by the two genes have a strong hydrophobic region at the N-terminus, indicating the presence of a signal peptide. The deduced LLA-67 is a new type of small cysteine-rich protein whose sequence exhibits four consecutive CX(3)CX(6-10) repeats that could form signal-receiving finger motifs, while the deduced LLA-115 protein shows significant similarities to a rice unknown protein, and putative cell wait proteins of Medicago truncatula and Arabidopsis. The transcripts of LLA-67 and LLA-115 were anther specific and differentially detected at the phase of microspore development. In situ hybridization with antisense riboprobes of the two genes in the anther showed strong signals localized to the tapetal layer of the anther watt. The LLA-67 mRNA was also detected in the microspore at the phase of microspore development but the LLA-115 mRNA was not. The LLA-115 gene can be exogenously induced by gibberellin (GA), whereas the LLA-67 gene cannot be induced. Studies with the GA biosynthesis inhibitor uniconazole and an inhibitor of ethylene activity, 2,5-norbornadien (NBD), revealed that the two genes were negatively regulated by ethylene and a cross-talk between GA and ethylene was involved in the regulation of the two genes occurring in young anthers. The treatment of NBD caused the tapetum to become densely cytoplasmic and highly polarized, whereas uniconazole arrested tapetal development to a status close to that of control. DNA blots of lily genomic DNA indicated that the two genes were encoded by a small gene family. The different actions of hormones on gene expression and the possible function of the gene products in young anthers are discussed. (C) 2008 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.
|Appears in Collections:||生物科技學研究所|
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