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|標題:||Processing of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) polyprotein and self-assembly of IBDV-like particles in Hi-5 cells||作者:||Lee, M.S.
|關鍵字:||dependent rna-polymerase;capsid protein vp3;ion;affinity-chromatography;insect cells;maturation process;cleavage;sites;identification;pvp2;purification;expression||Project:||Biotechnology Progress||期刊/報告no：:||Biotechnology Progress, Volume 22, Issue 3, Page(s) 763-769.||摘要:||
The capsid of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV), with a size of 60-65 nm, is formed by an initial processing of polyprotein (pVP2-VP4-VP3) by VP4, subsequent assemblage of pVP2 and VP3, and the maturation of VP2. In Sf9 cells, the processing of polyprotein expressed was restrained in the stage of VP2 maturation, leading to a limited production of capsid, i. e., IBDV-like particles (VLPs). In the present study, another insect cell line, High-Five (Hi-5) cells, was demonstrated to efficiently produce VLPs. Meanwhile, in this system, polyprotein was processed to pVP2 and VP3 protein and pVP2 was further processed to the matured form of VP2. Consequently, Hi-5 cells are better in terms of polyprotein processing and formation of VLPs than Sf9. In addition to the processing of pVP2, VP3 was also degraded. With insufficient intact VP3 protein present for the formation of VLPs, the excessive VP2 form subviral particles (SVPs) with a size of about 25 nm. The ratio of VLPs to SVPs is dependent on the multiplicity of infections (MOIs) used, and an optimal MOI is found for the production of both particles. VLPs were separated from SVPs with a combination of ultracentrifugation and gel-filtration chromatography, and a large number of purified particles of both were obtained. In conclusion, the insect cell lines and MOIs were optimized for the production of VLPs, and pure VLPs with morphology similar to that of the wild-type viruses can be effectively prepared. The efficient production and purification of VLPs benefits not only the development of an antiviral vaccine against IBDV but also the understanding of the structure of this avian virus that is economically important.
|Appears in Collections:||生物科技學研究所|
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