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標題: Mutational effects of the consensus aromatic residues in the mRNA capping domain of Bamboo mosaic virus on GTP methylation and virus accumulation
作者: Hu, R.H.
Lin, M.C.
Hsu, Y.H.
Meng, M.H.
Project: Virology
期刊/報告no:: Virology, Volume 411, Issue 1, Page(s) 15-24.
RNA viruses classified in the alphavirus-like superfamily possess a distinct capping domain, catalyzing GTP methylation and subsequent transfer of the m(7)GMP moiety from m(7)GTP to the 5'-diphosphate end of viral RNA. The H68A mutation in the capping domain of Bamboo mosaic virus enhanced GTP methylation but disabled the following transguanylation, making it possible to characterize the enzyme's methyltransferase activity separately. To explore the involvement of aromatic amino acids in substrate recognition, consensus aromatic residues in the viral domain were subjected to mutational analysis in the background of H68A. Several residues, including Y126, F144, F161, Y192, Y203, Y213, and W222, were found to be critical for GTP methylation and S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) binding. These mutations, except for Y213, also adversely affected the GTP binding, but less extensively. In general, the mutations decreasing the activity for GTP methylation also had correspondingly detrimental effects on virus accumulation. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0042-6822
DOI: 10.1016/j.virol.2010.12.022
Appears in Collections:生物科技學研究所

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