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標題: Structural and functional analysis of the cis-acting elements required for plus-strand RNA synthesis of Bamboo mosaic virus
作者: Lin, J.W.
Chiu, H.N.
Chen, I.H.
Chen, T.C.
Hsu, Y.H.
Tsai, C.H.
關鍵字: coat protein-binding;helicase-like domain;synthesis in-vitro;viral-rna;nucleotide-sequence;complete replication;untranslated;region;potexvirus rna;genomic rna;polymerase
Project: Journal of Virology
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Virology, Volume 79, Issue 14, Page(s) 9046-9053.
Bamboo mosaic virus (BaMV) has a single-stranded positive-sense RNA genome. The secondary structure of the 3'-terminal sequence of the minus-strand RNA has been predicted by MFOLD and confirmed by enzymatic structural probing to consist of a large, stable stem-loop and a small, unstable stem-loop. To identify the promoter for plus-strand RNA synthesis in this region, transcripts of 39, 77, and 173 nucleotides (Ba-39, Ba-77, and Ba-173, respectively) derived from the 3' terminus of the minus-strand RNA were examined by an in vitro RNA-dependent RNA polymerase assay for the ability to direct RNA synthesis. Ba-77 and Ba-39 appeared to direct the RNA synthesis efficiently, while Ba-173 failed. Ba-77/Delta 5, with a deletion of the 3'-terminal UUUUC sequence in Ba-77, directed the RNA synthesis only to 7% that of Ba-77. However, Ba-77/Delta 16 and Ba-77/Delta 31, with longer deletions but preserving the terminal UUUUC sequence of Ba-77, restored the template activity to about 60% that of the wild type. Moreover, mutations that changed the sequence in the stem of the large stem-loop interfered with the efficiency of RNA synthesis and RNA accumulation in vivo. The mutant with an internal deletion in the region between the terminal UUUUC sequence and the large stem-loop reduced the viral RNA accumulation in protoplasts, but mutants with insertions did not. Taken together, these results suggest that three cis-acting elements in the 3' end of the minus-strand RNA, namely, the terminal UUUUC sequence, the sequence in the large stem-loop, and the distance between these two regions, are involved in modulating the efficiency of BaMV plus-strand viral RNA synthesis.
ISSN: 0022-538X
DOI: 10.1128/jvi.79.14.9046-9053.2005
Appears in Collections:生物科技學研究所

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