Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5076
標題: 奈米碳分子篩選複合膜的製備、特性分析及其在碳捕捉與氫氣分離之應用
Preparation and characterization of nano-carbon molecular sieving composite membrane for carbon capture and hydrogen separation
作者: 庫馬
Itta, Arun Kumar
關鍵字: Polymer;聚合物;Pyrolysis;Carbon membrane;Hydrogen separation;Carbon capture;熱裂解;碳膜;氫分離;碳捕獲
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
相較於高分子薄膜應用於氣體分離,碳分子篩薄膜已成為新穎之純化材料之一。碳分子篩薄膜乃利用高分子前驅物在高溫下斷鍵沉積而形成具有高氣體選擇率之連續無缺陷薄膜。
在過去20-25年期間,已製備各種CMS膜並廣泛應用於工業的氣體分離上。另外相關文獻亦針對不同CMS膜探討如何控制和提升氣體分離之效能。本研究主要探討分別為(1)CMS膜中前驅物官能基之影響(2)CMS表面結構改質之影響(3)添加奈米微粒於CMS膜之影響。
本研究利用多孔氧化鋁作為擔體製備磁盤類型的CMS膜進行氫氣分離和碳捕捉。 CMS膜前驅物使用聚酰亞胺 (PI) 和聚醚酰亞胺 (PEI) ,它們具有類似的官能基被製造應用於氣體分離應用上。為了評估PI和PEI的官能基對CMS薄膜特性的影響,以不同前驅溶劑和碳化溫度進行研究。從實驗結果中發現,高分子前驅物之官能基及前驅溶劑濃度對於CMS膜有顯著影響。在PI-10-600 CMS薄膜有最佳氫氣滲透能力 (565 Barrer) [1 Barrer = 1

Carbon molecular sieve (CMS) membranes represent the most attractive pure component materials to compete against polymer membranes for high performance gas separations. CMS membranes are formed from the thermal decomposition of polymer precursors and can therefore be formed into continuous defect free membranes with excellent gas separation performance. Over the last 20-25 years, CMS membranes have been produced in a variety of geometries and have a wide range of separation performance applicable to several important industrial gas separations. The aim of this dissertation was to elucidate the effect of different synthesis factors on the separation performance of CMS membranes to allow more control over gas separation performance. The main focus of this study was to clarify (1) the effect of functional group of precursor on CMS membrane (2) the effect of CMS surface structure modification (3) the effect of addition of nano-particles on the CMS membrane.
In this study, disk type of CMS membranes was fabricated on porous alumina support for hydrogen separation and carbon capture. CMS membranes derived from polyimide (PI) and polyetherimide (PEI), which have similar functional groups were fabricated for gas separation. To evaluate the effect of the functional groups of PI and PEI on the properties of their CMS membranes, the composition of the casting solution and carbonization temperatures were investigated. From the experimental results, CMS membranes were significantly affected by the functional group of precursors and their concentrations in the casting solution. Optimized performance for hydrogen permeation (565 Barrer) [1 Barrer = 1
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5076
其他識別: U0005-2608201110000800
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