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標題: 擔體結構對碳分子篩選薄膜氣體滲透特性之影響
Effect the structure of supported layer of carbon molecular sieve membranes for gas separation
作者: 徐珮庭
Hsu, Pei-Ting
關鍵字: Gas separation;氣體分離;Carbon molecular sieving membrane;alumina support;sintering treatment;surface roughness;碳分子篩薄膜;氧化鋁擔體;燒結處理;表面粗糙度
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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結果顯示當燒結溫度增加時(至1200℃),因晶粒成長行為提供一表面粗糙度較低之擔體提升薄膜附著效果減少缺陷產生,因此降低薄膜滲透率卻有明顯提升選擇率的效果,H2/CH4選擇率可達76。持溫時間從1小時提升到2小時時,擔體晶粒大小皆隨持溫時間增加而增加,因此其滲透率有下降、選擇率提升的效果。 本研究結果皆超越Robeson’s 2008 upper bound比較,顯示為具有高滲透及選擇效能之薄膜。

Application of membrane technology in industrial process has become an alternative technology for reducing CO2 emissions due to its low operating costs, energy saving, and no secondary pollutants emission. Among the inorganic membranes, carbon molecular sieveing (CMS) membrane has been paid much attention than polymeric membranes due to its thermal and chemical stability even under high pressure and harsh environments.
In this study, CMS membrane was selected as the selective layer for gas separation. Generally, CMS membrane was obtained by pyrolysis of polymeric casting film to produce amorphous structure with possess the narrow pore size distribution close to the dimensions of gas molecular. Therefore, the gas separation performance, i.e. permeability and selectivity was determined by polymer precursor, pretreatment, pyrolysis conditions and post treatment. To enhance the mechanical stability, CMS membrane is usually supported on the porous material to form an asymmetric membrane. However, there are few literature investigated the effect of support material structure on the gas separation performance. In this study, the porous alumina material was used as the support to fabricate the CMS membrane. The alumina structure was modified by sintering treatment under different sintering temperature (from 900 to 1200 ℃) and sinter time (from 1 to 2 h). The effects of sintering treatment on the support structure, CMS membrane structure and gas separation performance. The characterization of support materials and CMS membrane were investigated by TGA, XRD, BET, AFM and SEM.
The results indicated that the gas permeability was decreased with the sintering temperature increased, while the selectivity was increased simultaneously. CMS membrane supported on alumina which sintered at 1200 ℃, showed better H2 permeability of 1046.07±128.27 Barrer [1 Barrer = 1*10-10 cm3 (STP) cm/(cm2 s cmHg)] and an ideal H2/CH4 selectivity of 76 ± 23, respectively. The results indicated that the permselectivity of carbon molecular sieving (CMS) membrane fabricated in this study can exceed the 2008 Robeson's trade-off line.
其他識別: U0005-2806201121295700
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