Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5098
標題: 旅客對日月潭水質所造成之衝擊-以WASP模式探討
The effect of Tourist on the Water Quality of Sun Moon Lake - An Example of WASP mode
作者: 邱凱浩
Chiu, Kai-Hao
關鍵字: Sun-Moon Lake;日月潭;WASP;Water Quality Simulation Model;WASP;水質模式
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
依調查結果分析,日月潭的污染源除武界引水污染外,另有來自水社污水廠、涵碧半島、水社碼頭及伊達邵碼頭附近的列管事業,推測列管事業之放流水對潭區水質有一定的影響,因而日月潭的CTSI值大致呈現普養狀態。
在本研究中,BOD及NH3-N以環保局“南投縣日月潭生態工程(浮島式淨水)設置可行性計畫案期末報告”為依據,PO4則由本研究進行模擬。根據模式計算結果顯示,日月潭目前的BOD、NH3-N及PO4之涵容能力分別約為2,100、950及90 kg/day,其中點源的每日排放量BOD為35.3 kg/day,NH3-N為13.3 kg/day及PO4為3.6 kg/day。再與環保局提供的點污染資料估算結果比較,日月潭BOD及NH3-N產生的排放量分別為為28.8 kg/day與13.4 kg/day,此結果顯示日月潭的BOD有些許升高的趨勢,NH3-N則差異不大。非點源污染經WASP模擬得知每日排放量BOD為32 kg/day,NH3-N為10.1 kg/day,與環保局所提供的非點污染資料估算結果,可知日月潭BOD及NH3-N產生的排放量分別為32.0 kg/day與10.1 kg/day,由非點源的貢獻結果比較可知,WASP模擬及實測值的差異不論是BOD或NH3-N差異均不大。
日月潭主要污染來源為武界引水,在扣除武界引水污染後,污染來源大都集中在飯店旅館密集的涵碧半島、水社區域(水社污水廠與水社碼頭)及伊達邵碼頭附近,這些區域所排入污染量佔整個日月潭集水區排入污染量約6成,而所排入的污染量以點污染源(即列管事業)為主,約佔6成,顯示日月潭潭區部份區域水質的惡化,確實受到觀光遊憩及生活污水所影響,也是造成這些區域水質較其他區域水質有較差的趨勢。
日月潭未完成污水下水道建置前的BOD產生量為314.6 kg/day,而本研究依WASP模式涵容能力估算結果顯示,日月潭建置下水道後之BOD產生量為67.3 kg/day,因此日月潭在污水下水道建置後共計削減了BOD 247.3 kg/day,削減率為78.6 %,下水道建設改善了日月潭潭區之水質。

The investigation results demonstrated that the main pollution sources of Sun-Moon Lake included Wu-Jie raw water channel, surrounding business area near Shueishe waste water treatment plant, Hanbi peninsula, Shueishe Dock, and Yi-Da-Shao Dock. The effluents of business area affected the water quality of Sun-Moon Lake. Therefore, the CTSI index showed that the water quality was generally ‘Mesotrophic'.
In this study, the concentrations of BOD and NH3-N were quoted from “The feasibility study report of ecological engineering for the Sun-Moon Lake ”which was executed by Environmental Protection Bureau of Nantou County (Nantou EPB), and the PO4 concentration was from the results of Water Quality Analysis Simulation Program (WASP).
According to the results of WASP model, the assimilative capacities of BOD, NH3-N, and PO4 in the Sun-Moon Lake are 2,100, 950, and 90 kg/day, respectively. Additionally, the daily emission of BOD, NH3-N, and PO4 from point sources are 35.3 kg/day, 13.3 kg/day and 3.6 kg/day, respectively.
Compared with the Nantou EPB's point pollutation sources data, the emission of BOD and NH3-N into the Sun-Moon Lake in this study are 28.8 kg/day and 13.4 kg/day, respectively, which showed a slight increasing trend in BOD and almost stable in NH3-N. Results from the WASP showed that the daily emission of BOD and NH3-N from non-point sources were estimated to be 32 kg/day and 10.1 kg/day, respectively. The Nantou EPB's non-point pollutant sources data showed that the daily emission of BOD and NH3-N into the Sun-Moon Lake were also 32 kg/day and 10.1 kg/day, respectively. Therefore, data obtained from the WASP simulation and the real data are of little difference in terms of BOD and NH3-N.
The major pollution source of the Sun-Moon Lake was Wu-Jie channel. Besides, other pollution sources were mainly around the hotel area, including Hanbi peninsula, Shueishe area (Shueishe Dock and Shueishe waste water treatment plant), and Yi-Da-Shao Dock. These areas have accounted for about 60 % of pollution within the Sun-Moon Lake watershed. Pollution from point sources, i.e. business area, have accounted for about 60 % of pollution within these areas. Accordingly, it could be referred that the worsening of water quality in partial areas of Sun-Moon Lake was due to tourism and municipal waste water. As a result, water quality in these areas is worse than other areas.
Before the sewer system of Sun-Moon Lake was built, the daily emission of BOD was 314.6 kg/day. According to the results of WASP the construction of model, the estimated assimilative capacity for the daily emission of BOD after the sewer system was 67.3 kg/day. Therefore, the amount of reduction in the emission of BOD after the sewer system being operated was 247.3 kg/day, with a reduction rate of 78.6 %. Our results suggested that the sewer system has improved the water quality in the Sun-Moon Lake.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5098
其他識別: U0005-2907201112030200
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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