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Enhancement by leachate with biological additive on methane oxidation in landfill cover soil
|關鍵字:||methanotrophs;甲烷氧化菌;methane oxidation;bio-agent;landfill cover soil;leachate;甲烷氧化;生物製劑;掩埋場覆土;滲出水||出版社:||環境工程學系所||引用:||中文部份 行政院環保署。2001。國家通訊編撰計畫，九十年度期末報告。 行政院環保署。2002。聯合國氣候變化綱要公約國家通訊。 行政院環保署。2005 京都議定書生效後整體策略方向，2005全國能源會議 王義狄。1999。環境中甲烷氧化菌計數方法之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 王凱中。1994。 垃圾掩埋場滲出水量之模式推估。國立台灣大學環境工程學研究所碩士論文。 周奮興。1998。以通量室監測封閉掩埋場甲烷排放量之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 李季眉等。1988。微生物學實驗。國立中興大學環境工程系。 李季眉等。1997。環境微生物。中華民國環境工程學會印行。 李甘露。2002。添加有機污泥對掩埋場覆土甲烷氧化行為之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 徐玟瑜。1999。掩埋場覆土中土壤水對甲烷氧化行為之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 吳麗芬。1995。含可溶性甲烷單氧氧化酵素之甲烷氧化菌對三氯乙烯之分解。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 廖俊博。2002。南仁山古湖底泥甲烷氧化菌社會結構之研究。國立成功大學生物學研究所碩士論文。 劉惠珍。2001。添加銨鹽、尿素及硝酸鹽對掩埋場覆土甲烷氧化行為之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 劉卜逢。2003。甲烷氧化菌在厭氧腐熟土中之動力活性探討。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 謝一誠。2002。掩埋場覆土中氣體濃度分佈與覆土甲烷氧化作用之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 籃賢傳。2000。含水量對管柱中甲烷氧化行為影響之研究。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 鄭淑仁。1996。環境中甲烷氧化菌之分離及其對三氯乙烯的分解能力。國立中興大學環境工程研究所碩士論文。 段玄治。2002。工業用水的節約及再利用-以燁輝鋼鐵公司為例。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系碩士論文。 陳思霖。2000。EDTA生物分解之研究。雲林科技大學環境與安全工程技術研究所碩士論文。 西文部份 Christensen, T. 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實驗分成批次實驗與管柱實驗兩部份進行。批次實驗的結果顯示以土壤含水量而言，乾燥的10%含水量土壤甲烷氧化作用並不明顯，接近飽和態的35%土壤甲烷氧化作用偏低，最適於甲烷氧化作用的土壤含水量應接近15%~25%。相同含水量下的甲烷氧化速率以添加生物製劑滲出水>滲出水>去離子水，以25%最佳含水量為例，其最大甲烷氧化速率大小分別為879、605、321(nmole g-1 DW soil hr-1)。甲烷氧化作用的持續性也以添加生物製劑滲出水>滲出水>去離子水。以25%含水量為例，批次實驗平均甲烷氧化速率大小分別為629.1、375.0、156.2(nmole g-1 DW soil hr-1)。
The aim of this research was to investigate the potential use of the landfill leachate with biological additive to control the water content of landfill cover soil, and to stimulate the methanotrophic activity at the same time. This approach will enhance the methane oxidation in landfill cover soil. Therefore, the methane emission to atmosphere at landfills will decrease for the mitigation of the greenhouse effects.
The experiments conducted in this study included both batch and column tests. The results of the batch experiment show that the methane oxidation was not obvious in the dry soil at a water content of 10%, that methane oxidation was on the low side when the soil was close to the saturation level at 35%, and that the water content most suitable for the methane oxidation should lie in the range of 15%-25%. Besides, the methane oxidation rates under the suitable water content was leachate with bio-additive > leachate> deionized water. At the best water contents of 25%, the maximum methane oxidation rates was 879, 605, and 321 nmole(g of dry soil)-1hr-1, respectively. The continuation of the methane oxidation was leachate with bio-additive > leachate> deionized water. At the best water contents of 25%, the average methane oxidation rates was 629, 375 and156 nmole (g of dry soil) -1 hr-1, respectively.
The trends in the change of methane oxidation rates suggest that the role of the bio-agent could have enhanced the mineralization of organic matter in the leachate. That resulted in a shorter period of the time that the organic matter had suppressed the methane oxidation. In this experiment, the ammonium nitrogen in the leachate stimulated the activity of methanotrophs, and improved the rates of methane oxidation. Although the most probable number of methanotrophs increased via incubation, but had not absolute correlation with the oxidative rate of methane.
The results of the column experiment shows that after suitable moisture irrigation (water content close to 15%) the methane oxidation rate was higher than before irrigation. Like the results of batch experiment, both the bio-agent and the leachate had the function to enhance methane oxidation. But after excessive moisture irrigation (water content higher than 25%), the methane-oxidation ability of the column decreased; and the bio-agent and leachate had no longer the function to enhance the methane oxidation.
Gas concentration profiles indicated that after a period of moisture irrigation, the methane oxidation took place in about 10cm depth, compared with 10-40cm before irrigation. The data of biological parameters indicated that the bio-additive and leachate had the function to enhance methane oxidation which is the same as in the batch experiment. It can be assumed that oxygen is one of the most important limiting factors for the methane oxidation in landfill cover soil. An excessive irrigation caused the blocking of soil pores which limited the influx of oxygen. The shortage of oxygen in soil caused the decline of methane oxidation. It is concluded that both the bio-additive and leachate had the function to enhance methane oxidation when oxygen was not a limiting factor in landfill cover soil.
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