Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5120
標題: 以軌跡模式探討近十年中南部地區懸浮微粒及原生污染物的變化
Evalution of the concentration change of PM10 and Primary pollutants during 1996~2005 in Central and Southern Taiwan by the Gaussian trajectory Model
作者: 林毓珣
Lin, Yu-Shun
關鍵字: emission;排放量;Taiwan Emission Data System;model simulation;air quality;TEDS;模式模擬;空氣品質
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
本研究透過更新環保署委託中鼎公司所作的TEDS5.1污染源排放資料,以頭份、苗栗、豐原、沙鹿、忠明、彰化、竹山、斗六、嘉義、安南、美濃、楠梓等環保署空品測站及台西、麥寮、土庫等三個六輕工業區自設測站作為受體點,透過高斯軌跡傳遞係數模式系統進行逆軌跡模擬,利用模式模擬出之污染物濃度與實際觀測值比較,探討近十年來中南部地區懸浮微粒及原生污染物的變化並分析造成空氣品質不良的原因。
模式模擬結果顯示GTx軌跡模式對本研究中的PM10有較高的模擬能力,但模擬結果與監測結果普遍存在偏差度較高的情形,故仍有許多需要再考慮及改進之處。而在濃度的變化上更新TEDS排放資料前後的1996~1998年及2003~2005年,懸浮微粒及原生污染物的平均濃度變化是呈現降低的情形。
由監測結果變化及模擬結果變化比較來看, TEDS在加入六輕工業區及更新部份點源、線源的排放量後的SO2濃度對雲林地區的影響是呈現正相關、增加的變化趨勢,其他污染物則對中南部各地區無呈現同樣的變化趨勢,推測在不考慮氣象條件及光化反應下,近十年來主要造成中南部地區懸浮微粒及原生污染物濃度變化的原因應是各地區在地的污染源排放所致。

This research took the renewed pollutant emission data from the Taiwan Emission Data System 5.1 (TEDS5.1), a system developed by the EPA (Environmental Protection Administration Executive Yuan,R.O.C) entrusted CTCI Corporation, with EPA air monitoring stations in Toufen, Miaoli, Fonyuan, Shalu, Chumin, Changhwa, Jhushan, Douliou, Chiayi, Annan, Meinong, and Nanzih and private monitoring stations in Taisi, Mailiao, and Tuku as Receptor, the back trajectory simulation was conducted base on the Gaussian trajectory transfer-coefficient model system. The comparison between the actually observed pollutant concentration and the simulated value enable us to explore changes of suspended particles in the south-central area and primary pollutants and analyzing causes for air pollution.
The model simulation results had shown higher PM10 simulation capabilities for the GTx trajectory model. However, higher deviations can be generally observed between the simulated and the actual results; hence there were more to consider about and also rooms for improvements. For changes in concentration, the average concentration changes for the suspended particles and primary pollutants were decreasing during periods of 1996~1998 and 2003~2005 before and after the renewed TEDS emission data.
Looking from the comparison between changes of monitoring results and simulation results, the SO2 concentration was increasing and positively correlated to the influences in the Yunlin area after TEDS had introduced the Sixth Naphtha Cracking Project and renewed emissions of partial point and radiation sources; other pollutants had on the other hand, did not exhibit the same positive trend. It was assumed that with no consideration in weather variation and photochemical reaction, the causes for concentration changes for both suspended particles and primary pollutants were local emissions of pollutants in different areas.



Key words: emission, model simulation, air quality
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5120
其他識別: U0005-0702200715380900
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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