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標題: Expression of recombinant S-layer and fusion proteins in Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactococcus lactis by cell surface display technology
作者: 周怡廷
Chou, Yi-Ting
關鍵字: 乳酸菌;Lactic acid bacteria;表層蛋白質;腸病毒71型外鞘蛋白;訊息胜肽;Surface layer protein;Enterovirus 71-VP1;Signal peptide
出版社: 食品科學系
Surface layers (S-layers) protein are crystalline monomolecular composed of single protein or glycoprotein, which formed porous lattices covering the cell surface. It's biological function includes maintenance of cell shape, cell adhesion, molecular sieve, and scaffolding for enzyme. Some lactic acid bacteria (LAB) such as Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC4356, contain S-protein, which may play an important role in cell adhesion. Enterovirus 71 VP1(EV71VP1) is a capsid protein of enterovirus, in this study, we fused this protein to the C-terminal 123 a.a. of S-protein.
This research was aimed to express the recombinant protein on the food grade bacteria cell surface by cell surface display technology. The DNA sequence of S-protein C-terminal 123a.a. (Sbc) with cell adhesion function was synthesized by polymerase chain reaction and fused to the capsid protein gene of enterovirus. The function gene was then cloned into the expression vector and transformed into Escherichia coli, Lactobacillus paracasei and Lactococcus lactis by electroporation. In E. coli, the recombinant S-protein C-terminal 123a.a. (rSbc) was expressed using the pET expression system through isopropyl-β-D- thiogalactopyranoside (IPTG) induction. rSbc was purified and used to prepare anti-Sbc antibody. In L. paracasei, rSbc and fusion protein were expressed on cell wall, cell membrane, cytosol and secreted into medium. In L. lactis, rSbc and fusion protein were expressed on cell wall, cell membrane and cytosol but few into medium. Results showed that the synthesized Sbc and fused EV71VP1 gene could express in all the hosts tested. The L. lactis is a more preferable host for Sbc cell surface display.

表層(surface layers, S-layers)主要是由單分子的蛋白質或是醣蛋白質所組成,稱為表層蛋白質(surface layer protein,S-protein),會在細胞表面形成孔狀結構。S-layers具有維持細胞形態、做為酵素的骨架及細胞附著和感染等功能,至目前為止尚未有足夠的研究證明其結構與功能間的相關性。有些乳酸菌具有S-protein,例如Lactobacillus acidophilus ATCC 4356,S-protein在乳酸桿菌屬的菌體中所扮演的的角色目前仍未清楚,但在細胞附著上扮演著重要的角色。腸病毒71型VP1是腸病毒的外鞘蛋白質,在本實驗中,與表層蛋白質N端融合表現。
本實驗主要的目的為利用細胞表層展示技術展現重組蛋白於食品級菌株之細胞表面。本實驗選用具有細胞附著功能的S-protein C端123個胺基酸做為研究,利用聚合酶連鎖反應合成出其相對應的DNA序列,並與腸病毒外鞘蛋白基因進行融合,將融合後的基因選殖於不同質體中,並在大腸桿菌、乳酸桿菌及乳酸練球菌中表現。大腸桿菌中,pET表現系統於IPTG誘導後,可以表現重組表層蛋白,此蛋白經純化後,已用來進行抗體之製備。在乳酸桿菌中所表現之融合蛋白,經由細胞劃分後,發現均表現在細胞壁、細胞膜與細胞質及分泌於胞外。在乳酸鏈球菌中表現之融合蛋白大都表現在細胞壁、細胞膜與細胞質,有極微量分泌到胞外。本實驗結果顯示,乳酸鏈球菌是表現外鞘及表層融合蛋白較合適的宿主,不過在蛋白質的表現量應該可以再進一步改進。本研究結果可用來開發口服乳酸菌疫苗,發揮腸道免疫系統。
Appears in Collections:食品暨應用生物科技學系

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