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標題: 水稻GDSL脂肪酶基因家族中之多功能性及多樣性研究:生物資訊分析之新洞鑑
Multifunctionality and diversity of GDSL esterase/lipase gene family in rice (Oryza sativa L. japonica) genome: new insights from bioinformatics analysis
作者: 邱安娜
Chepyshko, Hanna
關鍵字: GDSL脂解酶基因家族;GDSL esterases/lipases;水稻;Oryza sativa L. japonica;脂肪酶生物資訊;gene family;esterase;lipase;enzymes;bioinformatics;lipolytic enzymes;rice;Oryza sativa L. japonica;enzyme multifunctionality
出版社: 食品暨應用生物科技學系所
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CSRDB:Cereal small RNAs Database NetNGlyc 1.0 Server Protein Data Bank Rice MPSS Database
GDSL型脂肪酶/酯解酶為脂解酶中一個新發現的子族群(subclass),由於其具有廣泛的受質專一性、位置特異性及立體選擇等多功能的特性,因此成為非常重要且具有吸引力的研究課題。即使許多植物的GDSL型脂肪酶/酯解酶基因家族成員已被解序,但相較於細菌的GDSL型脂肪酶/酯解酶研究而言,植物的GDSL型脂肪酶/酯解酶研究仍然有限。迄今為止,在水稻GDSL型脂肪酶/酯解酶基因家族方面,只有兩個基因有被深入探討,其餘該家族的主要成員,所知仍然有限。因此,本研究藉由水稻OsGELP (Oryza sativa GDSL esterase/lipase protein )基因家族的基因體和蛋白質體學層次,進行水稻OsGELP基因家族之特性分析,此分析結果可進一步提供瞭解水稻OsGELP基因家族多功能的特性。

GDSL esterases/lipases are a newly discovered subclass of lipolytic enzymes that are very important and attractive research subjects because of their multifunctional properties, such as broad substrate specificity and regiospecificity. Compared to the current knowledge regarding these enzymes in bacteria, our understanding of the plant GDSL enzymes is very limited, although the GDSL gene family in plant species includes numerous members in many fully sequenced plant genomes. Only two genes from a large rice GDSL esterase/lipase gene family were previously characterised, and the majority of the members remain unknown. In the present study, we describe the rice OsGELP (Oryza sativa GDSL esterase/lipase protein) gene family at the genomic and proteomic levels, and use this knowledge to provide insights into the multifunctionality of the rice OsGELP enzymes.
In this study, an extensive bioinformatics analysis identified 114 genes in the rice OsGELP gene family. A complete overview of this family in rice is presented, including the chromosome locations, gene structures, phylogeny, and protein motifs. Among the OsGELPs and the plant GDSL esterase/lipase proteins of known functions, 41 motifs were found that represent the core secondary structure elements or appear specifically in different phylogenetic subclades. The specification and distribution of identified putative conserved clade-common and -specific peptide motifs, and their location on the predicted protein three dimensional structure may possibly signify their functional roles. Potentially important regions for substrate specificity are highlighted, in accordance with protein three-dimensional model and location of the phylogenetic specific conserved motifs. The phylogenetic analysis, together with protein motif architectures, and the expression profiling were analysed to predict the possible biological functions of the rice OsGELP genes.
Presented genomic analysis introduces fundamental information on the organization of the rice OsGELP gene family. With combination of the genomic, phylogenetic, microarray expression, protein motif distribution, and protein structure analyses, supported basis for the functional prediction of many members in the rice GDSL esterase/lipase family were created. The present study provides a platform for the selection of candidate genes for further detailed functional study.
其他識別: U0005-1906201212563900
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