Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5217
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor白曛綾zh_TW
dc.contributorHsun-Ling Baien_US
dc.contributor莊秉潔zh_TW
dc.contributorBen-Jei Tsuangen_US
dc.contributor.advisor鄭曼婷zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorMan-Ting Chengen_US
dc.contributor.author蘇怡如zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorSu, Yi-Ruen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2007zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:34:17Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:34:17Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2806200614311500zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/5217-
dc.description.abstract本研究於2005年進行每月ㄧ次連續約7天大氣懸浮微粒的例行觀測,採樣係利用雙粒徑分道採樣器採集日間和夜間PM2.5及PM2.5-10樣本,再以離子層析儀分析其水溶性陰陽離子濃度,全年有效樣本數為142筆。此外,利用微孔均勻沉積衝擊器(MOUDI)量測24小時的懸浮微粒質量粒徑分佈,樣本數共72筆,並針對11月農廢燃燒及沙塵暴MOUDI採集的樣本分析其水溶性陰陽離子濃度。最後綜合本研究與2002至2004年的觀測結果,分析台中都會區大氣懸浮微粒特性,並探討農廢燃燒與沙塵暴期間大氣微粒的特性。 2005年採樣期間,PM10及PM2.5年平均濃度分別為71.7 μg/m3及46.3 μg/m3,PM2.5/PM10之年平均值為0.65。2002年至2005年期間,PM10高污染原因主要為沙塵暴、農廢燃燒以及擴散不良。 2002至2005年期間沙塵暴事件日之PM10及PM2.5平均濃度分別為98.4 μg/m3及48.2 μg/m3,PM2.5/PM10平均比值為0.47,其粗粒中海鹽Na+、Mg2+、Cl-及塵土Ca2+分別較非事件日增加2.6、2.4、3.4及2.6倍,而其他主要增加物種在每波沙塵暴都不同。至於農廢燃燒事件日PM10及PM2.5平均濃度則分別為153.4 μg/m3及125.5 μg/m3,其PM2.5/PM10平均比值明顯增加至0.81,主要增加的物種有Cl-、K+、SO42-、OC及EC,分別較非事件日增加10.9、5.7、5.2、3.9及3.5倍。空氣品質方面,農廢燃燒期間NOx、CO、SO2及O3明顯增加,溫度與相對濕度並無明顯差異,而風速在農廢燃燒期間只有非農廢燃燒期間的0.6倍,因此低風速是PM10高污染的原因之ㄧ。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIn this study, the dichotomous samplers were used 7 days per month in 2005 to collect daytime and nighttime PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 aerosols. The samples were further analyzed to obtain the concentrations of water-soluble ions. Totally 142 samples were collected. In addition, MOUDI was used to collect the size-segregated aerosols every 24 hours. Seventy-two samples were collected. Particularly only the size-segregated aerosol samples collected during agricultural waste burning and Asian dust storm periods in November were analyzed to obtain the size distributions of ionic species. These results and those measured during the year from 2002 to 2004 were studied, in order to understand the characteristics of urban ambient particulate in Taichung. The characteristics of the aerosol particles measured during the agricultural waste burning and follwed by Asian dust storm were investigated as well. The annual mean concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 were 71.7 μg/m3 and 46.3 μg/m3, respectively. The annual mean ratio of PM2.5/PM10 was 0.65. During the year from 2002 to 2005, Asian dust storm, agricultural waste burning and poor dispersion were the major causes of the PM10 episodes. The mean concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 of Asian dust storm were 98.4 μg/m3 and 48.2 μg/m3 at Taichung urban city during 2002 to 2005, and the mean ratio of PM2.5/PM10 was 0.47. The concentrations of sea-salt species Na+, Mg2+, Cl- and the crustal component Ca2+ were 2.6, 2.4, 3.4, 2.6 times higher than those measured during the non-Asian dust storm period. Other additional species varied for each dust storm event. And the mean concentrations of PM10 and PM2.5 of agricultural waste burning were 153.4 μg/m3 and 125.5 μg/m3, respectively. The mean ratio of PM2.5/PM10 was significantly increased to 0.81. The major components Cl-, K+, SO42-, OC, and EC were 10.9, 5.7, 5.2, 3.9, and 3.5 times higher than those obtained during the non-burning days. During the agricultural burning, NOx, CO, SO2, and O3 increased, but temperature and relative humidity were almost the same as those during the non-burning days. However the mean wind speed during the burning period was 0.6 times lower than the non-burning days. The low wind speed was one of the major factors causing the PM10 episodes.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要.................................................. I Abstract.............................................. III 目錄.................................................. V 表目錄................................................ IX 圖目錄................................................ XI 第一章 前言.......................................... 1 1.1 研究緣起......................................... 1 1.2 研究目的......................................... 2 1.3 研究方法......................................... 2 第二章 文獻回顧.. .....................................3 2.1 大氣懸浮微粒之來源及化學組成..................... 3 2.1.1 懸浮微粒之來源及化學組成...................... 3 2.1.2 懸浮微粒之粒徑分佈特性........................ 4 2.1.3 水溶性離子之粒徑分佈........................... 6 2.2 大陸沙塵暴之特性................................. 8 2.2.1 沙塵暴發生頻率................................. 8 2.2.2 沙塵暴微粒特性相關研究......................... 13 2.3 農廢燃燒污染源之特性............................. 17 2.3.1 稻草露天燃燒................................... 17 2.3.2 農廢燃燒排放微粒特性之相關研究................. 18 2.4 大氣懸浮微粒季節性變化 ............................21 第三章 實驗與研究方法................................ 25 3.1 採樣規劃......................................... 25 3.1.1 採樣時間....................................... 25 3.1.2 採樣地點....................................... 27 3.1.3 採樣儀器設備................................... 27 3.1.4 採樣濾紙處理程序............................... 28 3.2 水溶性陰陽離子分析方法........................... 29 3.3 HYSPLIT逆推氣流軌跡分析.......................... 32 第四章 結果與討論.................................... 33 4.1 2005年大氣懸浮微粒質量濃度與特性分析............. 33 4.1.1 2005年大氣懸浮微粒質量濃度與特性............... 33 4.1.2 2005年中興大學測站代表性分析................... 40 4.2 大氣懸浮微粒季節性變化之分析..................... 41 4.2.1 2005年大氣懸浮微粒質量濃度季節性變化........... 41 4.2.2 2005年水溶性陰陽離子濃度季節性變化............. 41 4.2.3 2005年與2004年四季變化之比較................... 47 4.2.3.1 懸浮微粒濃度四季變化比較..................... 47 4.2.3.2 水溶性陰陽離子濃度四季變化比較............... 48 4.2.4 台中都會區大氣懸浮微粒特性...................... 50 4.3 PM10高污染事件日之探討 ...........................52 4.3.1 判定PM10高污染事件日之準則..................... 52 4.3.2 2005年PM10事件日之探討......................... 53 4.4 11 -12月農廢燃燒事件日與沙塵暴案例分析研究....... 57 4.4.1 採樣資料及懸浮微粒濃度......................... 57 4.4.2 空氣品質指標分析............................... 61 4.4.3 水溶性陰陽離子濃度分析......................... 62 4.4.4.1 農廢燃燒事件日水溶性陰陽離子濃度分析.......... 62 4.4.4.2 沙塵暴水溶性陰陽離子濃度分析................. 63 4.4.4 粒徑分佈探討.................................. 66 4.4.4.1 懸浮微粒濃度之粒徑分佈....................... 66 4.4.4.2 K+、Cl-之粒徑分佈............................ 69 4.4.4.3 NO3-、SO42-及NH4+粒徑分佈.................... 70 4.4.4.4 Na+、Ca2+及Mg2+粒徑分佈...................... 72 4.4.5 影響因子探討................................... 78 4.4.6 逆軌跡分析..................................... 81 4.4.7 台中都會區農廢燃燒特性分析..................... 82 4.4.8 國內外農廢燃燒事件日排放微粒成分之比較......... 86 4.4.9 台中都會區沙塵暴特性分析....................... 88 4.4.10 國內外不同地區沙塵暴微粒樣本成分之比較........ 92 第五章 結論與建議.................................... 95 5.1 結論 ..............................................95 5.2 建議 ..............................................98 參考文獻.............................................. 99 附錄.................................................. 109zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2806200614311500en_US
dc.subjectagricultural waste burningen_US
dc.subject農廢燃燒zh_TW
dc.subjectAsian dust stormen_US
dc.subjectsize distributionen_US
dc.subject沙塵暴zh_TW
dc.subject粒徑分佈zh_TW
dc.title台中都會區大氣懸浮微粒特性及農廢燃燒與沙塵暴的案例分析zh_TW
dc.titleCharacteristics of Ambient Particulate in Taichung Urban City and Case Analyses of Agricultural Waste Burning and Asian Dust Stormen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
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