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dc.contributor.authorShie, Yao-Daien_US
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dc.description.abstract本研究探討以沸石(zeolite)結合光觸媒TiO2之複合式觸媒及其最佳製備TiO2粉體之溶膠成分比例和觸媒表面特性之研究。TiO2粉體是經由溶液凝膠法(Sol-Gel法)的製備,並採用田口式實驗計劃法找到其最佳製備條件,而TiO2/zeolite之複合式觸媒,則是由物理性以及化學性兩種披覆方式搭配沸石所組合而成。 實驗結果顯示,將TTIP、乙醇(EtOH)及二甘醇(DEG)之莫耳數比控制在1:40:0.5,並且經過600℃鍛燒90 min後,可得到光催化活性最佳之TiO2光觸媒,且利用化學性的結合方式將TiO2光觸媒披覆在沸石(zeolite)上的組合,將有較佳的沉降效果、結合強度和污染物去除效果。找出最佳之TiO2粉體配方製備比例後,接著探討TiO2/ zeolite複合式觸媒之最佳反應結合比例和pH值,結果發現結合重量百分比TiO2佔約90 %在pH為7之情況下,將會有較佳的亞甲基藍去除效果之呈現。 經由SEM (EDS)、XRD等表面分析結果,TiO2之結晶構造主要為Anatase晶型,而且當其披覆在沸石上後,並不會對TiO2光觸媒的特性造成改變,經由觸媒沈降實驗證實,TiO2/zeolite之複合式觸媒可提升約40%~70%之沈降效果,將增加實場應用之可行性。將TiO2及不同披覆比例之複合式觸媒進行光催化實驗所得的數據進行反應動力的模擬,其結果是符合一階的反應模式,推測經過一小時吸附已達飽和,觸媒表面進行著動態平衡的吸附作用。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThis investigation aimed at the preparation and characterization of zeolite-supported TiO2 photocatalyst. TiO2 photocatalyst was prepared by the sol-gel technique based on Taguchi's experimentaled method. In addition, TiO2/zeolite catalysts were synthesized by physical and chemical approaches. The results indicated that the best candidate of TiO2 photocatalyst was obtained at a molar ratio of TTIP to ethanol (EtOH) to diethylene glycol (DEG) of 1: 40: 0.5, calcination at 600℃ for 90 minutes. The TiO2/zeolite photocatalyst synthesized by the chemical approach exhibited the best settling ability, binding strength and photocatalysic performance. The photocatalyst of 90 wt % TiO2 resulted in the best color removal at pH 7. Based on the analysis of SEM-EDS and XRD, the results show that the grain size of TiO2 was about 50 nm and the crystal structure was mainly anatase form. Integration with zeolite does not change the structure and chemical properties of the TiO2 powder. In kinetic analysis , the photodegradation of methylene blue by TiO2/zeolite photocatalyst fits the pseudo-first-order kinetics.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要 I Abstract III 目錄 V 圖目錄 IX 表目錄 XIII 第一章 緒論 1 1-1 研究緣起 1 1-2 研究內容與目的 2 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2-1 實驗計劃法 3 2-1-1 實驗計劃法簡介 3 2-1-2 實驗計劃法與傳統實驗的差異 4 2-1-3 實驗計畫法中直交表的運用 6 2-2 半導體的本質與光化學反應 10 2-2-1 半導體的基本性質 10 2-2-2 光化學反應 15 2-3 TiO2的基本性質及光誘導特性 20 2-3-1 TiO2的基本性質 20 2-3-2 紫外光特性 22 2-3-3 半導體光催化劑的選擇 23 2-3-4 半導體異相光催化之原理與機制 25 2-4 光催化反應器 .28 2-4-1 光催化反應器的類型 28 2-4-2 光催化反應器的製備 29 2-5 吸附劑 31 2-5-1 吸附原理 31 2-5-2 沸石基本特性 34 2-5-3 結合TiO2光觸媒與沸石(zeolite)之相關文獻 36 第三章 實驗材料與方法 41 3-1 實驗藥品與配製 41 3-1-1實驗藥品 .41 3-1-2藥品配製 .42 3-2 實驗設備 42 3-2-1 TiO2粉體及複合式觸媒之製備 42 3-2-2 光催化實驗 .43 3-3 實驗方法 43 3-3-1 TiO2粉體之製備 44 3-3-2 TiO2/zeolite複合式觸媒之製備 48 3-3-3 UV/TiO2氧化程序 49 3-3-4 觸媒沈降實驗 50 3-4 分析項目與方法 50 3-4-1 光觸媒定性分析 50 3-4-2 色度分析 57 3-4-3 濁度分析 59 3-4-4 總有機碳(TOC)分析 59 第四章 結果與討論 61 4-1 TiO2的最佳製備條件 61 4-1-1 直交計劃表 61 4-1-2 重複性實驗 69 4-1-3 最佳TiO2粉體光催化延長實驗 71 4-2 TiO2/zeolite結合實驗 72 4-2-1 觸媒特性分析 72 4-2-2 光活性測試 85 4-2-3 觸媒沈降實驗 98 4-3 反應動力行為探討 100 4-3-1 TiO2光催化反應動力模式 100 4-3-2 TiO2/zeolite光催化反應動力模式 101 第五章 結論與建議 107 5-1結論 107 5-2建議 108 參考文獻 109 附 錄 119 附錄一 JCPDS資料庫--TiO2(Anatase) 120 附錄二 JCPDS資料庫--TiO2(Rutile) 121 附錄三 MB全波長掃描(不同pH值) 122 附錄四 MB檢量線 123zh_TW
dc.subjectTitanium Dioxideen_US
dc.titleStudy on the Preaparation and Characterization of Zeolite Supported TiO2 Photocatalysten_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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