Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5309
標題: 噪音地圖對都市噪音環境管理之應用-以台南市為例
Application of Noise Mapping on Urban Noise Environment Management: Using Tainan City as a Case Study
作者: 陳妍樺
Chen, Yen-Hua
關鍵字: Noise Map,;台南市;Geographic Information Systems;Noise Simulation Model;Noise Regression Model;Tainan;噪音地圖;地理資訊系統;噪音模擬模式;噪音迴歸模式
出版社: 環境工程學系所
引用: 1. 王世傑,「高速公路交通噪音模式之研究」,碩士論文,逢甲大學交通工程與管理所,2007。 2. 王俊秀,「都市的聲音表情:雙城記的社會學想像」,2001。 3. 王漢銘,「都市道路交通噪音地圖構建方法之研究」,碩士論文,交通大學交通運輸研究所,2004。 4. 中興工程顧問社,「噪音模式於環工方面之整合、應用及檢討」,專案研究報告,1997。 5. 日本音響學會道路交通噪音調查研究委員會,「道路交通噪音的預測模式 ASJ RTN-Model 2003」。 6. 行政院環境保護署,「噪音管制法實施細則」,1993。 7. 行政院環境保護署,「噪音管制法」,1992。 8. 行政院營建署,「都市計畫法」,1939。 9. 行政院環境保護署,「道路交通噪術規範」,2002。 10. 行政院環境保護署,「道路交通噪音評估模式技術規範」,2002。 11. 余忠和、陳建維,「台灣地區各區域噪音特性調查及環境音量最佳品質之研究」, 歐怡科技股份有限公司,2004。 12. 施鴻志,「都市聯外幹道交通噪音預測模式」,運輸計畫,第十卷,第二期,1981。 13. 徐淵靜,「道路交通環境工程」,1992。 14. 張富南,「公路斷面型態對交通噪音傳送的影響」,碩士論文,成功大學建築系,1983。 15. 張迺聰,「噪音地圖-歐洲和香港的經驗」,中華民國音響學會,第十七屆,2004。 16. 郭宏亮、盧天鴻、張靜芬,「公路交通噪音預測模式之研究」,中華民國環境保護學會學刊,第一期,第二十五卷,2002。 17. 傅式齊,「二00六年美國地物師學會年會及短期研討出國報告」行政院及所屬各機關出國報告,2006。 18. 黃乾全、董貞吟,「噪音振動」,中興工程科技研究發展基金會,2004。 19. 蔡岡廷,「台南地區都市綠色音環境之研究」,博士論文,成功大學建築系,2002。 20. 賴進貴、王慧勳「數值等高線格網化之研究」,地理學報,第二十一期,pp.83-94 1995。 Dawson, R. W., Li, B., Tao, S., Cao, J., and Lam, K. (2002). A GIS based road traffic noise prediction model. Applied Acoustics, 63(6), 679-691. de Kluijver, H., and Stoter, J. (2003). Noise mapping and GIS: Optimising quality and efficiency of noise effect studies. Computers, Environment and Urban Systems, 27(1), 85-102. DEFRA. (2001). Towards a national ambient noise strategy A consultation paper from the air and environmental quality division Diaz, C., and Pedrero, A. (2006). Sound exposure during daily activities. Applied Acoustics, 67(3), 271-283. Diniz, F. B., and Zannin, P. H. T. (2005). Calculation of noise maps around electrical energy substations. Applied Acoustics, 66(4), 467-477. EC directive COM (Directive2002), Relating to the Assessment and Management of Environmental Noise.. Klaeboe, R., Amundsen, A. H., Fyhri, A., and Solberg, S. (2004). Road traffic noise - the relationship between noise exposure and noise annoyance in norway. Applied Acoustics, 65(9), 893-912. Klaeboe, R., Engelien, E.,and Steinnes, M. (2006). Context sensitive noise impact mapping. Applied Acoustics, 67(7), 620-642. Piccolo, A., Plutino, D.,and Cannistraro, G. (2005). Evaluation and analysis of the environmental noise of messina, italy. Applied Acoustics, 66(4), 447-465. Schafer. (1975). The soundscape:Our sonic environment and the tuning of the world. Destiny Books. Steele, C. (2001). Critical review of some traffic noise prediction models. Applied Acoustics, 62(3), 271-287. Zannin, P. H. T., Diniz, F. B.,and Barbosa, W. A. (2002). Environmental noise pollution in the city of curitiba, brazil. Applied Acoustics, 63(4), 351-358.
摘要: 
本文主要的目的為台南都會區噪音地圖的分析及台灣法定噪音模式之驗證。將台南都會區345個測點所測得之夏季與冬季晨間、午間與晚間各時段之噪音量,用地理資訊系統繪製出噪音地圖,分析其空間分佈特性。結果顯示,夏冬兩季晨間的噪音值皆為最高,高值主要分佈於主要交通幹道沿線,以及住宅區一帶;午間噪音在主要道路仍維持一定的強度,晚間噪音則以商業區與住宅區較高。整體而言,夏季噪音較冬季高出5dB(A),推測是由於台南地區生態豐富,夏季生態活動強,背景音較高之緣故。若與法規標準比較,晚間雖整體噪音量最低,然而超過法規標準的區域卻最多,顯示晚間噪音標準嚴苛,造成執法上的不適切。
法定交通噪音模擬模式的計算方式為RLS-90,本研究使用包含此計算模組的Cadna A電腦軟體,將部份測點模擬結果與實測值比較,大部分誤差都在3dB(A)內;而兩個法定迴歸模式「張富南模式」、「施鴻志模式」之推估值與實測值相較之下,則有較大的系統偏差,顯示噪音推估以Cadna A電腦模式所得者較為準確。

The goal of this study is to build and analyze the noise maps of Tainan metropolitan, and the accuracies of several noise simulation models are also evaluated. The noise data recorded at 345 monitoring sites including morning, afternoon, and nighttime for both summer and winter periods are summarized and visualized as noise maps via geographic information systems (GIS). The results indicate that the highest noise occurred during daytime, and high noise values were generally observed within the areas along the major traffic roads and residential districts. The noise along the major roads remained high at afternoon; and for night time, higher noise was recorded at the commercial and residential districts. Due to the plentiful ecological activities of Tainan, especially in summer, the noise in summer is generally 5 dB(A) higher than winter. Furthermore, although the lowest noise values were occurred at nighttime, most of them exceed the legal standards, revealing that the noise standards for nighttime are very strict so it's quite hard to meet the requirements.
RLS-90 is the statutory noise simulation model in Taiwan. This study employed Cadna A, a noise simulator containing the RLS-90 module, to simulate the noise of some of the monitoring sites. The deviations between the simulation results and observation data were all less than 3 dB(A). However, the noise estimations calculated by two regression models, Chang model and Shi model, exhibited larger systematic errors. It can be concluded that the noise simulation model achieves more accurate results than regression models.
Keywords: Tainan, noise map, geographic information systems, noise simulation model, noise regression model.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5309
其他識別: U0005-2007200714304600
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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