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Establish the Cultivation Practices for Safe Quality of Vegetables and Fruits
|作者:||林益昇, 葉俊巖,蔡勇勝,唐立正,黃裕銘,曾國珍,趙佳鴻,徐玲明,梁文進,高穗生||關鍵字:||應用研究;Asparagus Bean;植物保護類;長豇豆;安全肥培;非化學農藥防治;綜合防治;青蔥;甜菜夜蛾;非目標效應;種子預措;整地方式;萵苣;芹菜;病蟲害綜合防治;豬草;木瓜;印度棗;合理施肥;病蟲害防治;監測;雜草防治;Safety Fertilization;Non-chemical Control;Integrated Pest Management;Green Onion;Beet Armyworm;Non-target Effect;Seed Priming;Tillage;Lettuce;Celery;Integrated Pest Management;Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.;Papaya;India Jujube;Appropriate Fertillization;the Control of Pests and Diseases;Monitoring Surver;Weed Control||摘要:||
1.建構長豇豆安全生產體系：This year, the strategy of reasonable fertilization on asparagus bean is ready to be founded to lower the prime cost of fertilization and pesticide and asparagus bean of high quality will be yielded. At the other hand, the aim of having farmers gain the correct concepts and skills on controlling the plant diseases and pests will be able to be estimated while their income increases.2.建構萵苣安全生產體系：Complete the project of establishment of the cultivation practices for lettuce in plastic pipe-house production system and hand in the report.3.建構芹菜安全生產體系：Complete the project of establishment of the cultivation practices for celery production system and hand in the report.4.建構青蔥安全生產體系：The beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua) has a wide host range, occurring as a serious pest of green onion. Insecticide resistance is a major problem in management of this insect. Several insect pathogens may prove to be useful for suppression of beet armyworm. A nuclear polyhedrosis virus isolated from beet armyworm is effective as a bioinsecticide. Entomopathogenic fungi Nomuraea rileyi, Beauveria bassiana and Metarhizium anisopliae have the same attributes. Beet armyworm larvae are susceptible to neem products. Eggs can be killed with petroleum oil, and both eggs and young larvae can be controlled with cottonseed oil. Pheromones can also be used disrupt mating and inhibit or eliminate reproduction. The objectives of this study are designed to set up a beet armyworm control system for safer green onion production.5.建構印度棗安全生產體系：The agricultural products with high quality and no pesticide residue by the appropriate proudction systems are the guarantee for peoples health ware and one of the important properties of products fot export. There are wide varieties of fruits on market produced through all year round produced in Taiwan. This is a very gloried resource for Taiwan in economical view and in academic research. Therefore, it is very crucial to esablish standard operation processes(SOP) for each fruit tree production to meet the requirement in producing high quality and safety fruits. This project intends to establishthe SOP for Indina jujube. The SOP for each fruit production will be conducted by separate research team on safety seedling, appropriate soil management, precisionfertilization, proper pesticides use, and post harvest management as well. The SOP will be written on production calendar for farmers essily followed.6.建構木瓜安全生產體系：The papaya fruits produced in Taiwan are high quality and able to be offered all yearround. It is strongly potential to expand its markets to foreign countries. Besides, safety product with qualified pesticide residue is one of the important properties for domestic and export markets. Because it is inevitable that some diseases and pests, if without control, will reduce the qualities of papaya, the efficient and appropriate pesticide use should be set down and suggested. Furthermore, appropriate soil management is also important to produce high quality products and maintain sustainable agriculture. Therefore, the project intends to establish a standard operation processes including safety seedling, appropriate fertilization, and proper pesticide use. Field demonstrations about the standard operation processes will be held to explain the research results and show the effects for farmers to follow.7.建構豬草監測與防除體系：Common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) originated from New World are serious invasive weeds in Taiwan, This Asteraceae was found infesting non-cultivated fields, open disturbed habitats, and roadsides. Common ragweed induce dermatitis and may causes hay fever symptoms in some peoples. The monitoring survey and effective control of common ragweed will be investigated.
1.建構長豇豆安全生產體系：本年度計畫預期完成長豇豆施肥策略和合理化施肥模式的建立，達到降低施肥成本、減少農藥使用、生產無農藥殘留超過容許量且高品質的長豇豆，並在增加農民收益的同時，建立他們正確的病蟲害防治觀念及技術。2.建構萵苣安全生產體系：完成建構萵苣安全生產體系計畫並繳交報告。3.建構芹菜安全生產體系：完成建構芹菜安全生產體系計畫並繳交報告。4.建構青蔥安全生產體系：甜菜夜蛾(Spodoptera exigua)可危害本省作物種類極多，對化學性殺蟲劑極易產生抗性，更是威脅青蔥栽培最重要之害蟲。多種蟲生病原被證實具抑制該蟲之作用，一種核多角體病毒已被開發成有效之生物殺蟲劑，包括綠殭菌(Nomuraea rileyi)、白殭菌(Beauveria bassiana)及黑殭菌(Metarhizium anisopliae)也有相同之作用。此蟲對苦楝和棉仔萃取之油類具敏感性，礦物油也具殺卵及殺幼蟲作用。費洛蒙除偵測及誘殺作用外，干擾成蛾交配也被證實，本計畫即擬整合多種防治技術，建立有效安全之綜合防治策略。5.建構印度棗安全生產體系：無農藥殘毒之安全農產品是國人健康之保障，也是農產品外銷之重要品質之一。 台灣全年都有各種重要水果上市，這是台灣人民的可貴資源，也是台灣農業可以 傲視國際之處，因此建立各種水果之安全生產體系是相當重要，本計畫擬於三年 中完成印度棗之安全生產體系。各種水果生產都有專責專家組成之研究團隊，進 行安全生產體系各技術之整合。包括品種及安全種苗之繁殖，合理安全之肥培管 理，包括生物控制及農藥控制之安全病蟲害防治等建立各種水果安全生產行事曆。6.建構木瓜安全生產體系：台灣木瓜品種肉質鮮美且可終年生產，極具外銷潛力，由於病蟲害的發生為木瓜生產不可避免的問題之一，且安全的果品為國內外市場需共同要求的要件，因此精確而適當化學藥劑使用方法應明確建立與建議，此外適當的土壤管理為高品質生產與永續農業的重要條件，因此本計畫將建立安全種苗、合理施肥及合理用藥的標準安全生產作業流程，並舉辦觀摩會向農友解釋及推廣木瓜安全生產流程。7.建構豬草監測與防除體系：豬草為原產美洲的外來入侵雜草，亦是有毒雜草，於開花期會引起花粉過敏症，由於生長迅速，繁殖力強，大量滋生易形成優勢雜草，造成人類健康及農業、生態上的危害。外來入侵植物之調查、監測及建立防疫管理技術是目前植物檢防疫上重要的工作，本計畫擬針豬草在本省各地進行監測調查，並於嚴重大面積發生的地區進行防治工作，藉此提供外來入侵植物監測、防治、管理的方法。
|Appears in Collections:||生命科學系所|
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