Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5362
標題: 以多變量統計方法分析中部地區臭氧污染之研究
Ozone Pollution of Central Area Utilizing Multivariate Analysis
作者: 陳世偉
Chen, Shr-Wei
關鍵字: ozone;臭氧;factor analyze;climate;因子分析;氣象因子
出版社: 環境工程學系所
引用: John H. Seinfeld ,Spyros N. Pandis,”Atmospheric chemistry and physics” pp.173-233(1996) Abelson P.H.,”Rural and urban ozone,science”, vol.241,No.4873,pp.1569,(1998). Bronnimann, S., U. Neu ,”Weekend-weekday Differences of Near-surface Ozone Concentrations in Switzerland for Different Meteorological Conditions”, Atmospheric Envir onment,(1997). Chen, K.S., Ho, Y.T., Lai, C.H., Chou, Y.M., “Photochemical Modeling and Analysis of Meteorological Parameters during Ozone Episodes in Kaohsiung, Taiwan” Atmospheric Environment. 37, 1811-1823. (2003) Chung,Y.-S.,”Ground-level ozone and regional transport of air pollutions Journal of Applied Meteorology”, vol.16,No.11, pp.1127-1136,(1997) Cleveland,W.S.and Kleiner B.and McRaeJ.E.,Warner J.L., “Photochemical air pollution:transport from the New York city Area into Connecticut and Massa- chusetts”,Science vol.19, pp.179-181. (1976) Grant,R.H. and Wong,K.L., “Ozone profiles over a suburban neighborhood”,Atmospheric Environment vol.33,pp.51-63,(1999) Hanna,Steven R.,”Characteristics of ozone episodes during SCCCAMO 1985”,Journal of Applied Meteorology,vol.30,pp534-550.(1991) Henry, R.C. and Hidy G.M., “Multivariate Analysis of Particulate Sulfate and Other Air QualityVariables by Principal Components-part II Salt Lake City, Utah and ST. Louis, Missouri”,Atmospheric Environment 16, pp.929-943(1982). Kidson, J.W., “Eigenvector Analysis of Monthly Mean Surface Data”, Mon. Wea. Rev., 103,pp.177-186(1975). Logan,Jennifer A.,”Tropospheric ozone:seasonal behavior,trend,and anthropogenic influence”,Journal of Geophysical Research,pp.10,146-10(1985) Selby,K.,”A modeling study of atmosphreric transport and photochemistry in the mixed layer during anticyclonic episodes in Europe. PartII:Calculations of photooxidant level along air trajectories”,Joural of Climate and applied Meteorology,vol.26,pp.1317-1388.(1987) Sillman,Sanford and Samson,Perry,and Masters Jeffery,”Ozone Production in Urban Plumes Transported Over Water:Photochemical Model of Geophysical”Research,vol.98,No.D7, pp.12,687-12,699(1993) Statheropopulos, M., N. Vassiliadis and A. Papps, “Principal Component and Canonical Correlation Analysis for Examining Air Pollution and Meteorological Data”, Atmospheric Environment vol.32, pp.1087-1095(1998). Tai-Yi Yu, Len-Fu W. Chang,”Selection of the scenarios of ozone pollution at southern Taiwan area utilizing principal component analysis” Atmospheric Environment vol.34 pp.4499-4509(2001) Tai-Yi Yu, Len-Fu W. Chang,” Delineation of air-quality basins utilizing multivariate statistical methods in Taiwan” Atmospheric Environment vol.35 pp.3155-3166(2001) Verbeke, J.S., J.C.D. Hartog, W.H. Dekker, D. Coomans, L. Buydens and D.L. Massart, “The Use ofPrincipal Component Analysis for The Investigation of an Organic Air Pollutants Data Sets”,Atmospheric Environment vol.18, pp.2471-2478(1984). 陳順宇,「多變量分析,四版」華泰文化,(2005) 余泰毅,張能復,「以主成分分析篩選空氣污染事件」,中國環境工程學刊 第十五卷 第一期 pp.57-64(2005) 柳中明、蘇維中,「區域氣象環境與高臭氧之相關分析」,大氣科學,(1997) 林亦逵,「回顧近七年南投地區臭氧變化」,碩士論文,國立中興大學環境工程學系,台中(2006). 張能復,「都會區臭氧污染趨勢分析及防治研究,期中報告」,行政院環保署(1997). 蔡詠安,「氣象條件與臭氧事件日相關性之探討:以高高屏地區為例」,國中山大學環境工程研究所,碩士論文(2001)。 楊宏宇,「台灣地區空氣品質與天氣型態分類相關性研究」,文化大學地學研究所博士論文。(1993) 鄭佳芳,「南高屏地區伴隨臭氧污染事件之環流場特徵分析」,國立中央大學大氣物理研究所碩士論文。(1998) 潘慧芳,「中部空氣品質區空氣品質之時空分佈特性分析」,碩士論文,國立中興大學環境工程學系,台中(2004). 倪國敦,「高高屏地區臭氧趨勢分析與氣象因子相關性探討」,碩士論文,國立中山大學環境工程研究所(2004) 環保署網頁,http://www.epa.gov.tw
摘要: 
本研究資料來源為環保署空氣品質監測站逐時監測資料與氣象局逐日監測資料。分析2001-2005資料,希望藉此找出中部地區相同臭氧污染現象的縣市並了解造成高臭氧污染現象之成因,再進一步分析中部地區近年來臭氧與氣象因子間的相關性。
研究結果顯示全國測站根據每日最大臭氧濃度可以分為五大區域,1.台北縣市,2.苗栗、台中縣市、彰化、南投、雲林及嘉義,3.嘉義、台南、高雄,4.桃園及新竹,5.台東及花蓮。且中部區域又可分為三個污染現象相似的子區域,其中第一子區域污染因子為燃燒,交通,光化;第二子區域污染因子為燃燒,光化,交通;第三子區域污染因子為光化,交通,燃燒。
在研究中並且發現埔里地區在吹西風時臭氧濃度明顯較高且與風速呈現正相關。

My research data source is supplied from air quality monitoring stations and weather stations.We hoped to find the same ozone pollution characteristics by analyzing 2001-2005 monitoring data,and how the ozone pollution formed.We also tried to analyze the correlation of ozone precursors and climate factors.
The result displayed that the stations can be distinguished five districts:1.Taipei City and Taipei County ,2. Miaoli County, Taichung City, Taichung County, Changhua County, Nantou County, Yunlin County and Chiayi County,3. Chiayi City, Tainan and Kaohsiung,4. Taoyuan County
and Hsinchu County,5. Taitung County and Hualien County.The central area also can be distinguished three similar districts.At the first sub area,the pollution factors are combustion, traffic and photochemical reaction.At the second sub area ,the pollution factors are combustion, photochemical reaction and traffic. At the third sub area ,the pollution factors are photochemical reaction,traffic and combustion.
In my research ,we also find that ozone concentration is higher at west wind,and is positive related to wind speed in Pu li.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5362
其他識別: U0005-3008200707215400
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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