Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5404
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor楊錫賢zh_TW
dc.contributorHsi-Hsien Yangen_US
dc.contributor李志賢zh_TW
dc.contributorChih-Sheng Leeen_US
dc.contributor.advisor廖文彬zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorWing-Ping Liaoen_US
dc.contributor.author王薪嘉zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorWang, Sing-Chiaen_US
dc.contributor.other中興大學zh_TW
dc.date2009zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:34:44Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:34:44Z-
dc.identifierU0005-1007200819250100zh_TW
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/5404-
dc.description.abstract過去國內垃圾處理對策,從70年代掩埋為主,演變至80年代焚化為主,一直到90年代資源回收再利用,使得垃圾妥善處理率已提昇至96年6月的99.76%。生垃圾更於96年起規定一律不准進掩埋場,須以焚化方式處理。國內的焚化飛灰,換算成每焚化1公斤垃圾,將產生約0.04公斤的飛灰;原始焚化飛灰經TCLP檢測結果顯示,重金屬鉛濃度比其它重金屬高出好幾倍,且不合格率更高達52.9%;底渣之再利用率約為40.9%,而飛灰仍以固化掩埋處理為主,但掩埋後固化體將因風吹雨淋而破壞,使得飛灰上重金屬會進而污染水體,故須進行生物有效性的探討。 基於國內推行零廢棄以及再利用的政策,本研究主要針對MSWI飛灰經電沈積法處理後資源化的探討。研究對象包括採集三種不同MSWI飛灰,簡稱Ash-A、-B、-C,並進行檢測分析飛灰在電沈積前後之TCLP、重金屬鍵結型態的變化以及生物有效性的探討。研究結果顯示,因Ash-A、-B之鉛在弱相態佔的比例最高,Ash-C則以銅之比例最高,使得在電沈積法作用下,Ash-A、-B之鉛及Ash-C之銅的去除率最高;而在生物有效性方面,三種飛灰之重金屬經過電沈積法作用後,電沈積灰之重金屬其生物危害性與原灰相比較皆有減少趨勢,而減少百分比Ash-A、-B以鉛分別為56.4%、76.1%最高,而Ash-C以銅93.2%最為明顯。另外在電沈積法的作用下,三種飛灰之氯鹽濃度皆有明顯的下降(18.9%→8.2%、16.0% →6.7%、2.3% →0.07% ),且電沈積灰皆通過TCLP標準值,顯示電沈積灰頗值得朝資源化再利用方向應用。在不同處理方式比較:電沈積法以及水萃電動力法處理飛灰,皆可通過TCLP法規標準;而重金屬總量之去除率則不顯著。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIn the past years in Taiwan, the main way to deal with domestic wastes in the 1980's was landfill, in the 1990's was incineration, and in the 2000's was resource recycling and reuse. In June 2007, the proper treatment efficiency of domestic wastes was raised to 99.76%. From 2007, the environmental rule stated that domestic wastes can't be allowed to the landfill without any treatment, but must be dealt with incineration. According to EPA statistic in Taiwan, every 1.0 kg of MSWI (Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator) wastes incineration will produce about 0.04 kg of fly ash, and the original MSWI fly ash TCLP (Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure) test results showed that heavy metal concentration of lead was several times higher than other heavy metals, which over the environmental standard limits was up to 52.9%, and the MSWI ash of reutilization efficiency was only about 40.9% in 2007, that the primary technology of disposal of MSWI fly ash was still solidification and landfill. This will make MSWI fly ash turn to the heavy metal of underwater pollution. Thus was the subject to the bioavailability study. Based on zero waste and reuse policy of domestic wastes, the study mainly treated MSWI fly ash by electrodeposition process. Including sampling of the three different MSWI fly ash was called Ash-A, -B, -C, and testing of TCLP,sequential extraction procedure and bioavailability study,the focus was before and after the electrodeposition process. The results showed that Ash-A and -B''s lead, Ash-C''s copper were in the weak phase of the highest proportion,so these heavy metals had the highest removal efficiency by electrodeposition process. Otherwise, on the bioavailability after the electrodeposition process, these heavy metals compared with the original fly ash which was reduced. The reducing percentage of Ash-A and -B''s lead was 56.4% and 76.1% respectively, and the Ash-C of Copper was 93.2%. In addition, the three ashes of the chloride concentration were significant decline (18.9% → 8.2%, 16.0% → 6.7%, 2.3% → 0.07%). The results showed that the lead of electrodeposition fly ash could pass TCLP standard limits, and the electrodeposition fly ash was worthful used as the resources. Comparing with several different treatment technology: electrodeposition process and water washing combined with electrokinetic process, both fly ash can pass TCLP standard limits, but the total removal efficiency of heavy metals in fly ash wasn't significant.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents誌謝 I 中文摘要 III ABSTRACT V 總目錄 VII 圖目錄 XI 表目錄 XIII 第一章 緒論 1 1.1研究缘起 1 1.2研究目的與內容 3 第二章 文獻回顧 5 2.1都市垃圾焚化飛灰 7 2.1.1台灣焚化飛灰之產量 7 2.1.2焚化飛灰之來源 7 2.1.3焚化灰渣種類之分類 8 2.2都市垃圾焚化飛灰之組成與特性 9 2.2.1焚化飛灰之物理和化學特性 9 2.2.2焚化飛灰之化學組成 10 2.3都市垃圾焚化飛灰之重金屬 13 2.3.1飛灰中重金屬之流佈 13 2.3.2飛灰中重金屬之來源及危害 13 2.3.3飛灰中重金屬之生物有效性 14 2.3.4飛灰中重金屬之溶出特性 15 2.3.5飛灰中重金屬之處理方式 17 2.3.6飛灰中重金屬處理後資源化與再利用之應用潛勢 19 2.4金屬鍵結型態之分佈和影響因子 21 2.4.1飛灰中鍵結型態之區分 21 2.4.2重金屬在飛灰中的鍵結型態 21 2.4.3影響飛灰中金屬鍵結型態因子 23 2.5電化學技術 23 2.5.1電化學應用與原理 23 2.5.2電沈積法之作用機制 24 2.5.3影響電沈積鍍層之參數 24 2.5.4循環伏安電沈積法 26 2.5.5電沈積法之相關研究 27 2.6文獻總結與研究方向 28 第三章 材料與方法 31 3.1實驗設備與材料 31 3.1.1 MSWI 飛灰採樣及前處理 31 3.1.2電沈積前導實驗裝置 32 3.1.3電沈積實驗裝置 33 3.1.4實驗藥品材料及設備 33 3.2分析項目與方法 36 3.2.1飛灰基本性質分析項目 36 3.2.2 pH值 36 3.2.3含水率 36 3.2.4 LOI 37 3.2.5 CEC 37 3.2.6導電度 38 3.2.7氯鹽含量 38 3.2.8重金屬總量 39 3.2.9鍵結型態 40 3.3.10殘渣態 43 3.2.11 TCLP 44 3.3實驗流程 45 3.3.1實驗程序 45 3.3.2電沈積前導實驗 45 3.3.3電沈積實驗 45 3.4質量平衡實驗 47 第四章 結果與討論 49 4.1原始飛灰基本特性分析結果 49 4.2原始飛灰重金屬濃度分析 51 4.2.1總量分析 51 4.2.2鍵結型態分析 52 4.2.2.1鉛(Lead)鍵結型態分佈 52 4.2.2.2鎘(Cadmium)鍵結型態分佈 53 4.2.2.3銅(Copper)鍵結型態分佈 54 4.2.2.4鉻(Chromium)鍵結型態分佈 55 4.2.2.5重金屬總量與逐步萃取分析之比較 56 4.2.3生物有效性 58 4.3飛灰之有害特性認定 59 4.4電沈積前導實驗 60 4.5原始飛灰電沈積實驗 63 4.5.1電沈積前後飛灰A、B、C之物化特性變化 63 4.5.2電沈積前後飛灰之鍵結型態分析 64 4.5.2.1鉛(Lead)鍵結型態分佈 64 4.5.2.2鎘(Cadmium)鍵結型態分佈 65 4.5.2.3銅(Copper)鍵結型態分佈 69 4.5.2.4鉻(Chromium)鍵結型態分佈 70 4.5.3電沈積前後飛灰之TCLP 74 4.5.4電沈積前後飛灰之生物有效性 75 4.5.5質量平衡分析 77 4.6電沈積經濟效益評估 79 4.7與其他處理技術做比較 80 第五章 結論及建議 83 5.1結論 83 5.2建議 84 參考文獻 87 附錄一原子吸收光譜儀檢量線 97 附錄二電沈積前導實驗原始數據 99 附錄三電沈積實驗原始數據 104zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1007200819250100en_US
dc.subjectMSWI fly ashen_US
dc.subjectMSWI飛灰zh_TW
dc.subjectelectrodepositionen_US
dc.subjectTCLPen_US
dc.subjectRecyclingen_US
dc.subject電沈積zh_TW
dc.subjectTCLPzh_TW
dc.subject資源化zh_TW
dc.titleMSWI飛灰中重金屬經電沈積法回收後資源化之研究zh_TW
dc.titleTo Recover Heavy Metals and Stabilize Fly Ash from Municipal Waste Incinerator by Electro-Deposition Processen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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