Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5458
標題: 畜牧有機質材之循環再利用對金門農地中重金屬之影響
Impact of heavy metals in animal husbandry on the agricultural land of Kin-Men Island in Taiwan
作者: 蔡綾
Tsai, Ling
關鍵字: organic material;有機質材;soil heavy metal;swine waste;土壤重金屬;豬糞尿
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
畜禽排泄物所製造的堆肥是一種良好的有機質材,而豬糞尿中除含有銅及鋅是動物及植物所需要的微量元素外,也同時具有改良土壤物理性、生物性與化學性的功能,如能充分利用,不但具有改善的功效並可節省化學肥料的開支。處理方式以資源再利用為最上策。但若堆肥中有過量的銅與鋅易蓄積於土壤中,將造成土壤及環境的污染。本研究以金門農地土壤為對象,由於受地理環境影響,造成金門的土質貧瘠,再加上年降雨量稀少,分佈不均,故本研究將探討其對土壤中重金屬之影響。
針對轄內疑似使用畜牧場污水做為肥料來源之農地進行採樣查證,以十一個畜牧場土壤為主要研究,除了土壤分析以外,另針對飼料、畜牧廢水、廢棄物(包括固液分離後污泥及豬糞尿)進行分析。採樣點佈點設計方式為:距每一公頃中心點5公尺範圍內,進行四周與中心點計5個採樣佈點之採樣工作,並混樣為1組樣品,代表本區域之調查結果。
研究結果顯示:土壤的飽和吸附量銅約為45 mg/kg、鋅約為100 mg/kg。低於食用作物農地之監測值(銅:120 mg/kg、鋅:260 mg/kg)。在廢棄物中銅最大濃度為100 mg/kg、鋅最大濃度為 200 mg/kg。符合有機質肥料容許標準(銅:100 mg/kg、鋅:800 mg/kg)。而飼料中銅鋅含量與廢棄物中銅鋅含量成正比。畜牧場之pH範圍為3.8~6.7,均大於金門縣政府於民國九十一年所執行之土壤肥力基本性質中pH值(2.69)。由此可知,施加豬糞堆肥有緩衝的作用,可使土壤pH回到微酸的環境下。施用豬糞堆肥可能造成土壤銅鋅的污染,土壤在使用上便受到限制。本研究之畜牧場中土壤重金屬含量均低於食用作物農地之監測基準值,表示出本研究中所有畜牧場之土壤只些微受到重金屬的污染。

The compost of livestock excreta is a good organic material, and swine waste not only contains trace elements like copper and zinc to improve mechanical, biological and chemical qualities of soil, but also can save the cost of chemical fertilizer. It is the best treatment to recycle those swine waste as compost, but it may pollute soil and environment if the compost contains excess copper and zinc accumulating in soil. This study investigates the change of soil heavy metal effected by added swine waste compost in Kimen country, where has poor soil qualities and distributed unevenly rainfall.
Sampling 11 farmland soils which added its own swine waste as fertilizer to analyze both soil quality, feed and wastes (included sludge and wastewater after solid-liquid separated).Sampling method was drawing one hectare as one unite and sampling soils of five spots with five meter range around the center of one unite, and mixing five samples to analysis.
Analyzing results show that farmland soil samples' saturated adsorption of copper and zinc were 45 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg, which were lower than the monitor value of crop farms (copper:120 mg/kg, zinc: 260 mg/kg); maximum copper and zinc concentration of farmland wastes were 100 mg/kg and 200 mg/kg, which related to the copper and zinc contains within feeds, fit the tolerance standard of organic fertilizer (copper:100 mg/kg, zinc: 800 mg/kg). Among these sampling farmlands, soil pH value were from 3.8 to 6.7 all higher than soil fertility quality pH 2.69 requested by Kimen country in 2002, which showed adding swine waste into soil can buffer soil pH value. Adding swine waste may also polluted soil with heavy metal, soils in this study were lightly polluted although the heavy metal contains lower than monitor value of crop farm.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5458
其他識別: U0005-2207200800204700
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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