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標題: 應用CMB受體模式解析中台灣沿海與都會區空氣懸浮微粒污染來源
Applying CMB receptor model to analyze the source apportionments of the ambient particulates in the coastal and urban areas in central Taiwan
作者: 許美華
Hsu, Mei-Hua
關鍵字: CMB;化學質量平衡受體模式;MRC;Individual Particle;質量重組;大氣微粒微觀形態
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘 要
本研究主要探討台灣中部沿海與都會地區的大氣懸浮微粒之化學組成,並利用化學質量平衡(CMB)受體模式解析懸浮微粒的污染來源及其貢獻量。都會地區的數據為採用2005年於中興大學量測大氣PM2.5(氣動直徑小於2.5 μm的微粒)及PM2.5-10(氣動直徑介於2.5 μm至10 μm的微粒)的濃度與化學組成的結果。沿海地區則採集2007年春季鹿港地區PM2.5及PM2.5-10的樣本,並分析其水溶性陰陽離子、含碳量及金屬元素濃度,再利用CMB受體模式解析微粒的污染來源及貢獻量,此外並進行大氣氣膠的微觀形態的樣本採樣,並利用電子顯微鏡分析微粒的外觀形態,以確認微粒的可能來源。
利用受體模式分析2005年農廢燃燒事件(11月25日~11月27日 )、大陸沙塵事件(11月29日)及冬季高污染事件(12月23日~12月25日),結果顯示在農廢燃燒事件時,細粒中的農廢貢獻與非事件日比較約增加9倍,沙塵暴事件時,粗粒中的地殼物質貢獻比非事件日約增加8倍,冬季高污染事件時,細粒中的交通及農廢污染貢獻比非事件日分別增加3倍及6倍,且其它污染源都有增加。

This study mainly investigated the chemical compositions of ambient particulates in the coastal and urban areas in central Taiwan, and applied chemical mass balance receptor model to analyze the source contributions. Both PM2.5 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm) and PM2.5-10 (particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter 2.5-10 μm) aerosols were collected for coastal area at Lukang site during spring 2007, whereas the samples were collected for the urban area at Chung Hsing site during 2005. For coastal site, the additional particle samples were also collected to be analyzed by using an electron microscope in order to identify the emission sources. Qualitative and quantitative analyses were performed by using chemical mass balance (CMB) model.
The CMB modeling results showed that the major sources of PM2.5 included secondary aerosols and agricultural waste burning in the coastal area, whereas vehicle exhaust and ammonium sulfate were the dominant sources in the urban area. The significant sources of PM2.5-10 included crustal materials, vehicle exhaust and marine spray in the coastal area, yet vehicle exhaust, crustal materials were the major sources in the urban area. Therefore, the secondary aerosols and vehicle exhaust was the major source of PM10 in the coastal and urban area, respectively.
The episodic events in 2005 were categorized as agricultural waste burning episodes (11/25~11/27), Asian dust storm events (11/29) and winter PM10 episode (12/23~12/25). The results showed that the contribution of agricultural burning in PM2.5 during the agricultural waste burning episodes was 6.2 times higher than that during non-episodes. During the Asian dust storm events, the crustal materials were the major contributory sources in PM2.5-10 and about 8 times higher than that during non-episodes. In winter PM10 episode, the vehicle exhaust and agricultural burning were the major contributory sources in PM2.5, and there were 3 and 6 times higher than those during non-episode, respectively. Furthermore, the other sources were also increased during the episodes.
The scanning electron microscopic pictures of the individual particles sampled at Lukang site, showed three major types of sources. These particles were identified as sulfate, soil dust and vehicular emissions, which were similar to the results obtained by CMB receptor modeling.
其他識別: U0005-2307200813242300
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