Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/54899
標題: 輸出入木材及木質包裝材有害生物檢測技術之研發
Exploitation of Techniques for Detecting Harmful Organisms on Imported Wood and Wood Packaging Materials
作者: 陳啟予
蕭文鳳
郭章信
關鍵字: 技術發展;ophiostomatoid fungi;植物保護類, 林業類;長喙殼菌類真菌;木質包裝材;木材檢疫;有害生物;imported / exported wood packaging materials;wood quarantine;pests and plant pathogens
摘要: 
本計劃將針對進口原木材及本土林木中重要病原(特別是長喙殼菌類真菌)進行偵測,建立菌種形態特性及DNA序列資料庫,提供快速且正確檢測木材中此類有害真菌之基礎。潛在病原菌之偵測及鑑定包括形態及分子序列方式,依據不同之菌種類別之特性,以特有之方式進行菌種分離,針對特定rDNA片段進行解序,建立形態及分子鑑定標準,有助於發展快速之檢測方法,攔截有害病原之輸入。對於木質包裝材,建立重要病蟲害資訊庫及建立進出口木質包裝材之標準採樣流程、快速病蟲害鑑定技術及監測系統。重要工作項目包括收集世界各國經由木質包裝材輸入之重要病蟲害文獻資料、建立進出口木質包裝材之標準採樣流程及病蟲害檢測程序,持續監測經木質包裝材輸出入之重要病蟲害等四大項。預期收集經由進口木質包裝材輸入之重要病蟲害資訊並建立資料庫,以及建立有效取樣標準流程,進而協助檢疫人員監測與管制經木質包裝材輸入之重要病蟲害。

The aims of this project is to inspect detrimental fungi, particularly ophiostomatoid fungi, on wood which is from importation or from indigenous plants. Morphological characteristics and DNA sequences of these fungi can be established to provide the basis for their accurate and quick detection. Both methods of morphology identification and DNA sequence comparison will be applied. Specific approaches of isolation will be adopted to obtain specific groups of fungi. Specific primers are used to amplify specific DNA fragments for comparisons with DNA sequences deposited in GenBank. Based on the morphological and molecular data acquired, it can be expected that these potential pathogens can be warded off from our country. As to the imported / exported wood packaging materials, a standard sampling procedure of a fast screening process and a monitoring system will be set up for these materials. In this project, three tasks will be included, (i) literature survey of important pests and pathogens for wood (ii) establishing a standard procedures for inspecting and identifying of pests and plant pathogens and (iii) continuous monitoring important pests and pathogens information of imported / exported wood packaging materials, are proposed to accomplish our goal. The success of this project would help quarantine officers monitor and control important imported / exported wood packaging materials importing from wood packaging material.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/54899
其他識別: 99農科-9.4.1-檢-B1(4)
Appears in Collections:動物科學系

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