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標題: 利用BOD1與rbCOD評估不同種類廢水中之易分解有機物比例以評估生物處理可行性之研究
A study of the feasibility of applying biological treatment on different kinds of wastewater by using BOD1 and rbCOD
作者: 陳彥廷
Cheng, Yen-Ting
關鍵字: COD;生化需氧量;BOD;rbCOD;organics;biodegradation;化學需氧量;有機物;生物降解
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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研究結果發現BOD1與物理-化學方法分析出來的rbCOD的值並無直接關聯,rbCOD值高的水樣BOD1的值往往也很高,但BOD1高的水樣rbCOD不一定高。跟BOD1直接相關的是BOD的總量與其生化氧化速率常數κ,而跟rbCOD比較直接相關的是truly sCOD的量。且發現當水樣中以真溶液型態存在之可分解有機物佔總有機物的比例高時,rbCOD的值通常會高於BOD1,而當水樣中之可分解溶解性有機物佔總有機物的比例極低時,rbCOD往往會低於BOD1的值。

Analyses of COD、BOD and SS are commonly used in the determination of organics value in the wastewater, and BOD5/COD is commonly used as a indicator of biodegradability. The speed of biodegradation is very important in a wastewater system, but ordinary analyses cannot distinguish the difference between readily and slowly biodegradable organics. Therefore, some analyses based on COD and BOD techniques were applied to investigate the readily biodegradable COD, or as a indicator of the speed of biodegradation.
According to the results of investigation, the value of BOD1 cannot represents rbCOD, BOD1 is more likely related to the ultimate BOD and κ, and rbCOD is more likely related to the truly soluble COD. And it shows that when the proportion of soluble biodegradable organics is high, the value rbCOD will higher than BOD1 ; when the portion of soluble biodegradable organics is very low, the value rbCOD will lower than BOD1.
BOD1 can be a indicator of the speed of wastewater biodegradation when it combined to BOD5 and κ, but not proper to evaluate the value of rbCOD. Physical – chemical method can be a easy and good way to analyze rbCOD if the condition of the wastewater plant is well controlled. In addition, the results showed that some desizing / dying wastewater has low BOD5/COD but rich soluble biodegradable organics. Abattoir and domestic wastewater have high BOD5/COD but low proportion of rbCOD, most of the organics removed by the microbial adsorption instead of absorption. Photo-electrical wastewater in the study has high BOD5/COD and high proportion of rbCOD, it shows that photo-electrical wastewater is very proper to apply biological treatment.
其他識別: U0005-2508200814082400
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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