Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5583
標題: 大豆油奈米乳化液於地下水中之傳輸:砂管柱試驗
Transport of Nanoemulsion Soybean Oil in Groundwater: A Column Study
作者: 許弘昌
Hung-Chang, Hsu
關鍵字: Nanoemulsion;奈米乳化液;Slow Release Substrate;Phase Inversion Temperature;HLB;Transport;緩放性基質;相反轉法;HLB;傳輸
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
臺灣土壤地下水受含氯有機物污染,主要之整治方式可利用物化或生物處理方式降解污染物,然而利用生物處理方式較能降低整治之費用。利用現地加強式生物復育降解地下水中之污染物,工程上常採用添加營養鹽、微生物、電子接受者或電子提供者一種或數種之方式,以加強微生物對污染物降解之情形。常見可做為電子提供者之物質有水溶性基質、緩放性基質等。其中利用緩放性基質比起利用水溶性基質更能降低整治費用,目前常用於環境中之緩放性基質,如EOS®、HRC®等,國內整治如需使用需仰賴國外之進口,進而增加整治之費用。
因此本研究之目的為利用食品級之材料,利用相反轉法及HLB法配製出粒徑小於100奈米之乳化液以做為緩放性基質。並進行乳化液一維多孔隙介質管柱傳輸實驗,藉由改變不同之黏土含量,了解乳化液傳輸之情形,以作為運用之參考。而就配製之結果,配製出兩種不同配方及配製方式之大豆油奈米乳化液,分別為配方CH702A與CH702B,配製之材料均為食品級之材料,而配製出之乳化液平均粒徑分別為60奈米和23奈米。以CH702B配方進行乳化液一維多孔隙介質管柱傳輸實驗。實驗結果顯示,CH702B配方在三種孔隙介質中,皆具有良好之傳輸性。而自製之CH702配方奈米乳化液,其傳輸性亦明顯優於市售之EOS®產品。

Use of physic-chemical or bioremediation is the main model to treatment chlorinated organic solvents in groundwater of Taiwan. Bioremediation is a low cost and clean method to treatment pollution. Using microbacteria to degradation pollution in engineering often add microbacteria, nutrition, e- donor or e- acceptor into groundwater, by one or more addition to help microbacteria have high degradation ability. Soluble substrate or slow release substrate common can be used as e- donor, and using slow release substrate be as remediation agents can reduce treatment cost. However, in currently used in the environment of slow release substrate, such as EOS®, HRC®, etc., domestic must rely on foreign countries for use of imported, thus increasing the cost of remediation.
The purpose of this study was use food-grade material, using of phase inversion temperature and HLB method for emulsified soybean oil of mean droplet size less than 100 nanometer as a slow release substrate. And make an emulsion transport of one-dimensional porous media column, by changing different clay content, understanding of the situation emulsion transportation. By results, prepared out of two different formulations and preparation methods of nanoemulsion of soybean oil, respectively, for the formula CH702A and CH702B, the preparation of the material are food-grade materials, average droplet size of emulsion are 60 and 23 nanometer respectively. To CH702B emulsion formula for one-dimensional porous media column transportation experiment. The results show that, CH702B emulsion transport in there different column, transportation of all good. From the experimental results show that's CH702 emulsion, its transit is much better than the EOS® products commercially available.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5583
其他識別: U0005-0302201010560300
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

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