Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5674
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dc.contributor.advisor林明德zh_TW
dc.contributor.advisorMin-Der Linen_US
dc.contributor.author柯木峰zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorKer, Mu-Femgen_US
dc.date1999zh_TW
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:35:18Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:35:18Z-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/5674-
dc.description.abstract本研究主要目的在於利用克力金插值法推估地下水位之分布,並使用地理資訊系統的優異空間整合能力來展示與建置相關地下水資訊系統,透過Avenue語言將克力金插值法結合於地理資訊系統中,使其成為該系統內之一模組化工具,以輔助地下水管理與相關決策支援。 研究中主要將台北盆地現有之一○七口中附有UTM座標之五十六口觀測井,以其歷年來水位資料進行克力金插值分析研究,並就其推估之面分布資訊分析其盆地內之地下水水位變化狀況與其原因作一探討。研究中並就克力金法之五種半變異元的推估結果比較,結果顯示,除高斯法在此研究結果稍差外,球型、圓型、指數型與線型的推估結果皆相當接近,經由交叉驗證法的驗證,此四種模式都得到良好的結果。 本研究針對盆地內未來可能之增設井位的地點做一初步建議,透過克力金標準偏差值的推算,盆地外圍區域是最須加設新井的地區,如陽明山、土城與新店地區。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThe objective of this research is using Kriging Interpolation Method (KIM) to estimate the spatial distribution of the groundwater levels and utilizing the excellent spatial integration ability of geographic information systems (GIS) to build a groundwater information systems and display the results. This research also integrates KIM with GIS by the program language, Avenue, to make KIM one of the GIS tools to aid the management and decision making about groundwater problems. This research summarizes the annual data of 56 observation wells in Taipei Basin and analyze these data by Kriging interpolation to estimate the spatial distribution of groundwater levels and discuss the causation which results in the variation of groundwater levels. This study also compares the results of the five types of semivarience used in Kriging method. It shows that the sphere, circle, exponential and linear models are better than gaussian model in the case study of Taipei Basin. After verifying by cross-validation method, the above four models still exhibit better results than gaussian model. This study also makes a preliminary suggestion about the sites of potential observation wells that may be added in the future. Through the analyze of Kriging standard deviation, it shows that the ambient region of Taipei Basin is necessary to make more observation wells, especially Yangmingshan, Tuchen country and Shindeng country.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents總目錄 授權書***********************.*.* I 中文摘要*********************.*.*... II 英文摘要*********************.*...* III 誌謝************************...*. IV 總目錄**********************.*** V 表目錄***********************..* VIII 圖目錄************************.*IX 第一章、前言*.********************1-1 1-1 研究動機與緣起*****************.1-1 1-2 研究目的********************.1-3 1-3 預期成果********************.1-4 第二章、文獻回顧******************..*.2-1 2-1 地理資訊系統概論****************.2-1 2-1-1 地理資訊系統定義*************.2-2 2-1-2 GIS的發展****************..2-3 2-1-3 地理資訊系統的架構************.2-4 2-1-4 地理資訊系統之應用************.2-5 2-2 克力金插值法簡介****************.2-8 2-2-1克力金法的發展**************..2-8 2-2-2 克力金模式相關定義************.2-8 2-2-3克力金法之種類與其相關理論模式******..2-9 2-2-4克力金法之應用**************.2-10 2-3 研究區域概況*****************..2-11 2-3-1台北盆地地下水現況************2-13 2-3-2 台北盆地的地質地形***********.. 2-16 2-3-3盆地內相關背景資料************ 2-16 2-3-4台北盆地的水井資料************.2-20 第三章、研究方法與應用理論***..***********.3-1 3-1 數位圖層********************.3-1 3-1-1數位圖層的優點*******..*******3-1 3-1-2網格圖與向量圖**************..3-3 3-1-3網格資料與向量資料的比較*********..3-7 3-2本研究所採用之地理資訊系統***********..3-9 3-2-1 ArcView的基本功能*********** *.3-10 3-2-2 ArcView之基本架構************..3-10 3-2-3 ArcView地理資訊系統內之巨集語言*****.3-12 3-3克力金插值法******************3-15 3-3-1克力金法的種類*************.*3-16 3-3-2半變異數與半變異圖************.3-17 3-3-3半變異圖函數理論*************.3-18 3-3-4克力金法之基本原理************.3-19 3-4 研究架構與研究項目*************.*..3-24 3-5 方法之驗證****************.**..3-26 第四章、克力金法插值運算功能結合地理資訊系統之發展..**4-1 4-1發展緣起********************..4-1 4-2克力今插值分析功能***************..4-2 第五章、研究結果與討論*****************5-1 5-1台北盆地之歷年水位分析*******.******.5-1 5-1-1現有觀測井資料分析************..5-2 5-1-1-1盆地內地下水水位週期變化探討****.5-2 5-1-1-2區域內點資料水位探討********.5-3 5-1-2克力金插值分析結果***********....5-18 5-1-2-1模式推估之假設與結果展示之圖例說明*5-18 5-1-2-2面資料之推估說明**********5-20 5-1-3小結*******************.5-23 5-2以不同半變異元模型推估之比較與選址初步探討***5-51 5-2-1研究案例結果***************.5-51 5-2-2新增監測井選址之探討之探討********.5-66 5-3模式之驗證 ..***************..*.*5-67 第六章、結論與建議*****..*************.6-1 6-1結論**********************..6-1 6-2建議**********************..6-2 參考文獻..***********************.7-1zh_TW
dc.language.isoen_USzh_TW
dc.publisher環境工程學系zh_TW
dc.subjectKrigingen_US
dc.subject克力金zh_TW
dc.subjectGeographic Information Systemen_US
dc.subjectTaipei Basinen_US
dc.subjectCross-validationen_US
dc.subjectQuery Systemen_US
dc.subject地理資訊系統zh_TW
dc.subject台北盆地zh_TW
dc.subject交叉分析zh_TW
dc.subject查詢系統zh_TW
dc.title克力金法結合地理資訊系統於地下水之研究初探-以台北盆地為例zh_TW
dc.titleThe Preliminary Study of Integrating Kriging Method with Geographic Information System in Groundwater-Using Taipei Basin as A Case Studyen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1en_US-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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