Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5709
標題: PEG改質PEI/PPSU薄膜孔洞大小對有機廢水分離效率之研究
Studies on separation natural organic matter(NOM) using modified PEI/PPSU blend membranes
作者: 黃立綸
Huang, Li-Luen
關鍵字: polymeric membrane;高分子薄膜;phase inversion method;pore forming additives;pure water flux;humic acid;相轉換法;孔洞形成劑;純水通量;腐植酸
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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摘要: 
相轉換法是一種常被使用作為製備對稱性與非對稱生高分子薄膜的方法。因此,由該法所製備而得的薄膜亦廣範地被應用在多種不同的工業程序中,如水處理、生化技術以及電子工業等,以達淨化水質之目的。
本研究使用溼式及乾式兩種相轉換程式,並選用聚醚亞醯胺(Polyetherimide,PEI)、聚苯砜(Polyphenylsulfone,PPSU)、聚乙二醇(Polyethlene glycol,PEG)、N-甲基吡咯烷酮(N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone,NMP)或二甲基乙酰胺(Dimethyl acetamide,DMAc)為鑄膜溶液的組成成分,以期能製備多孔性的高分子薄膜,並將其應用於含有天然有機物-腐植酸的廢水處理程序中。研究過程中,將設計一系列純水通量及薄膜阻抗實驗,以研究並討論:(1)高分子前驅物種類(PEI、PPSU)、添加劑的分子量與含量(PEG200、PEG6000)及鑄膜溶劑(NMP、DMAc)等因子對薄膜結構的影響。最後將篩選出適合腐植酸分離之薄膜組成,進行含腐植酸有機廢水的分離試驗,並量化腐植酸的去除效率。
各組成薄膜的熱穩定性、表面及體相(側視)的形態、及化學組成將以熱重分析儀、差分掃描熱卡計、場發式電子顯微鏡及全反射式傅立葉轉換光譜儀進行分析鑑定。
研究結果顯示,由PPSU及添加PEG200的高分子薄膜,在利用溼式相轉換為製備方法時,相較於其它不同組成與方法所製備而得的高分子薄膜,可對腐植酸提供高的分離效率。該結果可歸因於該多孔性薄膜擁有較低的孔隙率與較小的孔徑、且具兩種不同的表層結構,相對地提升腐植酸的阻絕率。

Phase inversion method is commonly used to prepare symmetric and asymmetric polymeric membranes for a wide range of applications in many fields, such as water treatment, biomedical technology, as well as electrical industry.
In this study, porous membranes were prepared via wet or dry phase inversion process from casting solution composed of Polyetherimide (PEI), Polyphenylsulfone (PPSU), polyethylene glycol (PEG), N-methyl-2-pyrroli -done(NMP) or N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc). The effects of polymer precursor, additive's molecular weight and content, and casting solvent on membrane structures and properties given by a mixture desing of experimetns on pure water flux and membrane hydraulic resistance have been studied and discussed. The efficiency of NOM separation by the developed PEI, PPSU, and PEI/PPSU blend membranes examined using simulated organic matter such as humic acids. The thermal stability, surface and bulk morphology and chemical structure of the develop membranes were investigated using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and differetnial scanning calorimetry (DSC) and field-emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and attenuated total reflectance Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR).
It was found that membranes made of PPSU homopolymer with PEG200 (molecular weight 200 g/mol) as additive via wet phase inversion present offer a higher humid acid separation efficiency compared to that of membranes prepared under different experimental conditions. This result may be caused by a reduction of permente flux due to a lower membrane porosity and pore sizes and the presence of a double skin layer (on top and bottom surface) , reducing the permeate flux.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5709
其他識別: U0005-2506200921281300
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