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dc.contributor.authorChen, Hsueh-Yuen_US
dc.identifier.citation參考文獻 曲新生,陳發林,呂錫民,產氫與儲氫技術,五南出版社,2007 胡育誠,溶凝膠法製備低介電性質聚醯亞胺/二氧化矽複合材料,國立中山大學材料科學研究所,碩士論文,2004 胡蒨傑,21世紀的新森林-氣體分離薄膜,科學發展 429,2008 徐恆文,二氧化碳的捕獲與分離,科學發展 413,2007 劉英麟,賴君義,薄膜-未來能源之鑰,科學發展 429,2008 Acharya, M., Foley, H.C., 1999. Spray-coating of nanoporous carbon membranes for air separation. Journal of Membrane Science 161, 1-5. Afonso, M.D., Jaber, J.O., Mohsen, M.S., 2004. Brackish groundwater treatment by reverse osmosis in Jordan. Desalination 164, 157-171. Ahmad, A.L., Othman, M.R., Mukhtar, H., 2004. H2 separation from binary gas mixture using coated alumina-titania membrane by sol-gel technique at high-temperature region. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 29, 817-828. Al-Bastaki, N.M., 2004. Performance of advanced methods for treatment of wastewater: UV/TiO2, RO and UF. Chemical Engineering and Processing 43, 935-940. Alcamo, J., Mayerhofer, P., Guardans, R., van Harmelen, T., van Minnen, J., Onigkeit, J., Posch, M., de Vries, B., 2002. 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dc.description.abstract碳分子篩選薄膜為薄膜科學領域中較新的一種薄膜材料,由於其薄膜結構為多孔結構且孔洞大小接近埃級,因此在氣體通透與分選上皆具有相當優益的效果,然而因為前趨物往往因價格過高且碳膜在氣體分選之再現性不佳而阻礙其發展。本研究則是藉由不同高分子作為碳源,討論碳膜製備過程中不同條件(如:裂解溫度、升溫速率、高分子成膜方式及膜厚控制),探討碳膜的不同孔洞結構對於不同氣體(H2、CO2、O2、N2、CH4)的通透性及分選效果,並利用熱重分析儀(TGA)、及傅立葉紅外線光譜儀(FTIR)、電子顯微鏡(SEM)等特性分析對結果加以映證。 本研究利用熱重分析儀量測聚醚醯亞胺(Poly(etherimide), PEI)之熱重損失,發現其熱穩定性優於聚醯亞胺(Polyimide, PI),故選擇其作為碳膜之前趨物;實驗中以SEM觀察到以滑動塗佈方法(Slide casting) 製備而成的碳膜之膜厚為高達28.25μm,進一步以光學顯微鏡觀察此碳膜表面結構,相較其他成膜程序之碳膜也較無缺陷,此外氫氣對於其他氣體的選擇率分別H2/CO2為5.4,H2/N2為20.2,H2/CH4為15.6,其氣體分選效果亦最為顯著;另外,實驗結果與Robenson這位學者所提出的Upper Bound line比較下,發現利用Slide casting在裂解溫度600℃條件下,H2/N2已達到Upper Bound line的氣體分離水準,此外H2/CH4的分選上更是優異於Robenson’s Upper Bound line。 關鍵字:碳膜;熱裂解;分子篩;氣體分離;膜厚zh_TW
dc.description.abstractCarbon membranes sieve (CMS), an inorganic membrane, has emerged as an alternative membrane technology in the field of gas separation. CMS have molecular sieving mechanism. They consist of micro pore channels with uniform pores to separate the different gas molecules in Angstroms. CMS is an attraction in characteristics such as excellent gas permeability, selectivity and thermal stability compared with the other molecular sieve materials. In this study, carbon membranes are prepared by pyrolysis of different polymers at higher temperatures. Preparation of carbon membranes consist several key parameters such as pyrolysis temperature, heating rate, phase inversion method and thickness. The characterization of CMS was carried out by thermal analysis, FTIR and SEM. The results obtained from TGA analysis show Poly(etherimide) (PEI) has better thermal stability than Polyimide (PI). Therefore, PEI is taken as the major carbon source for CMS preparation. Membranes made by slide casting method have the thickness 28.25μm, and few cracking were noticed as compared with other preparation methods of CMS using optical microscope. Experimental results indicate that permeability and selectivity of slide casting membranes, measured at 25 ˚C, for PEI derived CMS are: permeability (H2) = 659 barrers, selectivity (H2/N2)=20.2 and (H2/CH4)=15.6. The correlation of the permeability versus perm selectivity for the PEI derived carbon membranes prepared in this study exhibited excellent performance as compared to the derived CMS membranes prepared at 600℃. In addition, the performance exceeded Robinson's upper bound line for conventional polymeric membranes. Keywords: Carbon membrane; Thermal pyrolysis; Molecular sieve; Gas separation; Membrane thickness.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents目錄 摘要 1 ABSTRACT II 目錄 III 表目錄 VI 圖目錄 VII 第一章 前言 1 1.1 研究緣起 1 1.2 研究動機 2 1.3 研究目的 3 1.4 研究流程 4 第二章 文獻回顧 6 2.1 薄膜分離技術應用概述 7 2.1.1液體分離薄膜之應用 7 2.1.2 氣體分離薄膜之應用 11 2.1.3 薄膜反應器概述 14 2.2 碳分子篩膜介紹 18 2.2.1 碳分子篩膜概述 18 2.2.2 碳分子篩膜氣體分離機制 19 2.2.3 碳分子篩膜的製備 25 2.3 碳分子篩薄膜孔洞結構的改質技術 31 2.4 碳膜未來的方向 35 第三章 實驗設備及方法 37 3.1 實驗試程 37 3.2 實驗藥品及氣體 38 3.3 實驗儀器 39 3.4 碳分子篩選薄膜之製備及特性分析 40 3.4.1 碳分子篩選薄膜之製備 40 3.4.2薄膜特性分析 40 3.5 碳分子篩選薄膜氣體滲透測試 43 第四章 結果與討論 44 4.1 高分子前趨物的選擇 44 4.2 升溫速率探討 52 4.3 不同前趨物濃度探討 55 4.4 高分子薄膜不同相轉換方式探討 58 4.5 成膜方式探討 62 第五章 結論與建議 70 5.1 結論 70 5.2 未來研究與建議 71 參考文獻 72 附錄一、實驗原始數據 87 附錄二、管狀爐穩定性試驗 90 附錄三、實驗製備流程圖 94 表目錄 表2.1 常見的薄膜種類與應用 9 表2.2 無機膜的特性 11 表2.3 各類薄膜材質應用於氫氣的分離之優缺點與發展展望分析 16 表2.4 模組準備的重要參數 31 表3.1 實驗試程 37 表4.1 不同裂解溫度與高分子PEI濃度下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同氣體滲透與選擇效能 55 表4.2 不同成膜方式、高分子PEI濃度及裂解溫度下形成碳膜後對於不同氣體滲透與選擇效能 61 圖目錄 圖1.1 研究流程圖 5 圖2.1 滲透蒸發概念圖 10 圖2.2 薄膜反應器中薄膜的主要功能示意圖 17 圖2.3 氣體分離薄膜之分離機制示意圖 20 圖2.4 碳分子篩選薄膜傳輸機制 20 圖2.5 溶質於薄膜中擴散之濃縮與分壓圖 21 圖2.6 (A) 氣體滲透設備圖;(B) 氣體分子穿透薄膜示意圖 22 圖2.7 下游端壓力變化圖 25 圖2.8 碳分子篩膜製備過程 26 圖2.9 碳材料中孔洞的模型結構 30 圖2.10 AgCMS membrane 擴散路徑 (a)直接擴散穿越碳基質;(b) 直接擴散穿越Ag-cluster;(c)經由Ag-cluster旁的自由體積穿越 33 圖3.1 Polyetherimide (PEI)結構式 38 圖3.2 Polyimide resin (PI)結構式 38 圖3.3 碳分子篩選薄膜之製備設備圖 39 圖3.4 氣體滲透槽 39 圖3.5 薄膜氣體分離系統 43 圖4.1 (A) PI-碳膜對於不同氣體之滲透率與(B) PI-碳膜對於不同氣體之選擇率 45 圖4.2 PI與PEI (A)熱重分析圖與(B)熱重損失微分曲線圖 46 圖4.3 PI在不同裂解溫度下FTIR圖譜 47 圖4.4 (A) PEI-碳膜對於不同氣體之滲透率與(B) PEI-碳膜對於不同氣體之選擇率 49 圖4.5 PEI濃度:15 wt.%;旋轉塗佈:5000 rpm;curing 溫度:150℃;碳化溫度:600℃ ;升溫速率:5℃/min (倍率:x100) 50 圖4.6 PEI濃度:15 wt.%;旋轉塗佈:5000 rpm;curing 溫度:150℃;碳化溫度:700℃ ;升溫速率:5℃/min (倍率:x100) 50 圖4.7 PEI濃度:15 wt.%;旋轉塗佈:5000 rpm;curing 溫度:150℃;碳化溫度:800℃ ;升溫速率:5℃/min (倍率:x100) 51 圖4.8 PEI濃度:15 wt.%;旋轉塗佈:5000 rpm;curing 溫度:150℃;碳化溫度:700℃ ;升溫速率:1℃/min (倍率:x100) 51 圖4.9 高分子PEI在700℃裂解溫度與不同升溫速率條件下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 53 圖4.10高分子PEI在800℃裂解溫度與不同升溫速率條件下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 54 圖4.11 裂解溫度700℃與不同高分子PEI濃度下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 56 圖4.12裂解溫度800℃與不同高分子PEI濃度下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 57 圖4.13 不同成膜方式與高分子PEI 15wt.%濃度下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 59 圖4.14 不同成膜方式與高分子PEI 20 wt.%濃度下裂解形成碳膜後對於不同(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 60 圖4.15 滑動塗佈;PEI 20%,升溫速率:1℃/min;裂解溫度600℃;碳膜斷面結構圖 63 圖4.16 多次旋轉塗佈;PEI 20 wt.%;升溫速率:1℃/min;裂解溫度600℃;碳膜斷面結構圖 63 圖4.17 滑動塗佈;PEI 20 wt. %;升溫速率:1℃/min;裂解溫度700℃;碳膜斷面結構圖 64 圖4.18 多次旋轉塗佈;PEI 20 wt.%;升溫速率:1℃/min;裂解溫度700℃;碳膜斷面結構圖 64 圖4.19 裂解溫度600℃下不同碳膜製備方式(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 66 圖4.20 裂解溫度700℃下不同碳膜製備方式之(A)氣體滲透率與(B)選擇率之影響 67 圖4.21 以滑動塗佈之碳膜製備方式在不同裂解溫度Robeson’s line比較 (A) H2/CH4 (B)H2/N2 68 圖4.22 PEI 濃度:20% wt. ;升溫速率:1 ℃/min;碳化溫度:600℃; 乾式相轉換;滑動塗佈法 69 圖4.23 PEI 濃度:20% wt. ;升溫速率:1 ℃/min;碳化溫度:700℃; 乾式相轉換;滑動塗佈法 69zh_TW
dc.subjectCarbon membraneen_US
dc.subjectThermal pyrolysisen_US
dc.subjectMolecular sieveen_US
dc.subjectGas separationen_US
dc.subjectMembrane thicknessen_US
dc.titleEffect of preparation processes of carbon molecular sieve membranes (CMSMs) for gas separationen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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