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標題: 台中及南海地區大氣懸浮微粒的化學組成及其汙染源貢獻量解析
Chemical Composition and Source Apportionment of Ambient Particulates in Taichung and South China Sea
作者: 黃柏翔
Huang, Bo-Shung
關鍵字: Taichung;台中;South China Sea;dust storm;CMB receptor model;南海;沙塵暴;CMB受體模式
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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This study mainly investigated the chemical compositions and the source apportionments of ambient particulates over Taichung area and South China Sea. PM2.5 and PM2.5-10 were sampled concurrently at Chinshui, Dadu Mountain, Dali and Fengyuan sites by using high volume air samplers during August 14 to 19 and November 4 to 7 in 2009. The aerosol sampling were also conducted on a ship named as the R/V Ocean Researcher I which sailed in the region of the South China Sea during March 14 to 19 in 2010. The collected samples were then further analyzed for water soluble ions, elemental carbon and organic carbon by using an ion chromatographer and an elemental analyzer. Finally a chemical mass balance receptor model was used to evaluate the source contributions.
The results indicate that the particulates over Taichung area mainly consist of carbonaceous species, sulfate, nitrate and ammonium. However the major components for the samples collected over the South China Sea are sulfate, ammonium, chlorine and sodium. The main differences between these samples are due to the impact of more vehicular emissions in Taichung area and the ocean spray in the marine environment. Higher fractions of carbonaceous species and secondary photochemical aerosols were observed at Dali and Fengyuan sites as compared to those measured at other two stations. Results of CMB modeling show that the main contributions to PM2.5 at Dali and Fengyuan are 46 ~ 52% and 43 ~ 57%, respectively from vehicular emissions. The contributions by coal-fired power plants are approximately 1 ~ 2% for the PM2.5 samples collected in Dadu Mountain site which located at the downwind region of the power plant. Higher sea-salt species were found in the samples collected at Chinshui site. CMB modeling show that the sea-salt contributions to PM2.5-10 at Chinshui, Dadu Mountain and Dali sites are 12 ~ 16%, 11 ~ 13% and 8 ~ 10%, respectively. During the sampling over the South China Sea, an episodic event due to the passage of a dust storm from China was observed on March 16, 2010. Comparisons between the compositions of particulates collected in the episodic and non-episodic events indicate that the dust storm increases the contents of sea-salt, crustal material, sulphate, nitrate and metallic elements significantly.
其他識別: U0005-1208201014131800
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