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標題: Forestry Education in Japanese Vocational High Schools:Historical outlook and present status
作者: Mariko Inoue
Yasuhiko Oishi
關鍵字: technical training;vocational high school;forestry education
Project: Conference on Sustainable Forest Management and Carbon Sequestration in Taiwan and Japan:200-208.
The continuous fostering of young foresters as the future experts is one of the fundamental key's to realize the sustainable forest management. The forestry education in vocational high school in Japan is facing drastic change reflecting nation's social and economical shift so that new perspective and solution in forest and forestry education is required for accelerating forest sustainability at nation level. We therefore analyzed and discussed on the historical outlook and present status of forestry courses in vocational high school in Japan as the training institution of professional foresters. Since Japanese government had launched on educating forestry at schools in 1882 with following German system in order to train the forester candidates, there were some very apparent milestones. Obviously, forestry education is influenced strongly by social and economical condition. Main agents drove objectives of forestry education were the expanding demand on forest renovation and increasing wood production in postwar recovery, decline of forestry due to both fuel revolution and voluntary tariff reduction of timber after 1960's, respectively, as well as the decline of forestry courses applicants due to desiring for higher educational career and declining birth rate. The historical overview suggested the objective of forestry education shifted from training of technician to giving basic education for the candidate of specialists. Totally 70 high schools which have forestry related courses in 2007 are facing to three major issues i.e. (1) decrease of job opportunity relate with forestry and wood products both in official and private forest sector, (2) decrease of students reflecting the decline of birth rate together with the increase of general courses applicants, (3) difficulty in conserving teacher's specialty due to frequent reshuffling. We categorized those high schools with forestry courses into 5 groups as in the following by their educational target which concerned with occupations of graduates i.e. (a) fostering forest technicians in companies, (b)fostering forest officers, (c)fostering local successors, (d)education directing higher educational chance, (e)encouraging the talent through forestry education. Objectives which are groping for new perspectives have differentiated into three directions i.e. fostering forestry successors, fostering human resources who take leadership in regional society, and humanities molding through forestry subjects as well. It is urged to discuss the direction of either as whole Japan or regional condition in order to find proper future of forestry education.
Appears in Collections:森林學系

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