Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5799
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor張書奇zh_TW
dc.contributorShu-Chi Changen_US
dc.contributor.author連珮妤zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorLian, Pei-Yuen_US
dc.contributor.other環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.date2013en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:35:40Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:35:40Z-
dc.identifierU0005-2208201321445000en_US
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/5799-
dc.description.abstract氯化有機溶劑為土壤及地下水中常見的人為有機污染物質之一,其主要包含有四氯乙烯(perchloroethene, PCE)、三氯乙烯(trichloroethene, TCE)、三氯乙烷(trichloroethane, TCA )及四氯甲烷(carbon tetrachloride, CT)等。但因處理不當或是不慎洩漏導致土壤及地下水受到嚴重污染,進而危害人體健康及生態系。在整治地下水中低濃度之氯化有機物污染時,物理化學處理所需成本較高,故以生物處理進行此類受污染地下水整治較為適合。高氯數有機污染物需要以厭氧處理,而低氯數有機污染物則以好氧處理較佳,但厭氧微生物常因缺乏電子供給者於厭氧環境下無法有效進行還原脫氯反應;好氧微生物處理則因地下水環境中缺乏溶氧,而使得具毒性的氯乙烯累積。本研究以乳化液可當作電子供給者提供厭氧微生物時所需之電子;以奈米過氧化鈣因接觸到地下水而緩慢釋出氧氣,而提供好氧微生物所需之氧氣,繼續進行降解二氯乙烯及氯乙烯以解決其在地下水層中累積之問題。本研究自行配製的奈米過氧化鈣其顆粒小且均勻度高,其平均粒徑為20~40 nm,其純度達80%以上。不同油膜厚度包覆奈米過氧化鈣傳輸結果顯示油膜厚度愈厚,其延散作用與拖尾現象愈明顯。以乳化液加強生物降解TCE在3.0 PV時TCE的去除率在第一孔和第二孔達80%以上,而第三孔在3.7 PV時去除率為78%,且去除率隨乳化液的消耗而增加,仿照TMB法計算一階反應動力常數,可推估TCE在15天反應後,第一孔與第二孔之間λ值為0.0382 day-1,半衰期為18.15天。此結果可得知本研究之乳化液有助於微生物降解TCE,預期能提供實場氯化有機溶劑處理場址一良好之電子供給者及釋氧化合物,以增加處理效率。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractIf an aquifer is contaminated by chlorinated solvents, such as perchloroethene (PCE), trichloroethene (TCE), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (1,1,1-TCA), carbon tetrachloride (CT), biological treatment is considered a better approach than physicochemical methods in terms of cost and impact to the subsurface ecosystem. However, success of bioremediation relies on both anaerobic and aerobic processes. Anaerobic process is often limited by the lack of electron donors in the contaminated groundwater while aerobic limited by the lack of dissolved oxygen. Due to dissolved oxygen shortage, vinyl chloride, an identified human carcinogen, could accumulate in the subsurface causing much higher environmental and health risks. To solve this problem, we synthsized emulsion and calcium peroxide nanoparticles to provide electrons to enhance reductive dechlorination and dissolved oxygen to promote aerobic oxidation and cometabolism, respectively. In this study, calcium peroxide nanoparticle (CPNP) with much lower cost was successfully synthesized. Its purity is higher than 80% and an average diameter between 20 and 40 nm. In a column study, comparing with a control column, samples from the first and second ports showed the removal rate is above 80% at 3.0 PV, and at the third port the removal rate is 78% at 3.7 PV. In addition, the consumption of emulsion increases as the removal increases. A first-order degradation rate constant was computed as 0.0382 day-1 with a half-life of 18.15 days between the first and the second ports after 15 days by applying trimethylbenzene method. These results suggest that emulsion can be applied as a bioremediation enhancer for TCE removal in groundwater.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要i Abstract ii 目錄iv 圖目錄vii 表目錄ix 第一章 前言 1 1.1研究緣起 1 1.2研究目的 2 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2.1含氯有機化合物之相關特性 3 2.1.1地下水含氯有機化物來源 3 2.1.2三氯乙烯之特性 4 2.1.3三氯乙烯對人體的危害 7 2.2地下水污染整治技術 9 2.2.1物理化學處理法 9 2.2.2生物復育 11 2.2.2.1好氧環境中含氯有機物生物降解 12 2.2.2.2厭氧環境中含氯有機物生物降解 14 2.3乳化液 16 2.3.1界面活性劑 16 2.3.2乳化 17 2.3.3乳化液製備 18 2.4釋氫與釋氧化合物 21 2.4.1釋氫化合物 21 2.4.2釋氧化合物 22 2.4.2.1過氧化鈣 23 第三章 研究方法 25 3.1實驗藥品 25 3.2實驗設備 26 3.3實驗架構與流程 27 3.4菌液培養 28 3.5奈米過氧化鈣 29 3.5.1奈米過氧化鈣顆粒製備 29 3.5.2乳化液包覆奈米過氧化鈣 29 3.6奈米過氧化鈣基本特性分析 30 3.6.1高解析X光繞射儀 30 3.6.2掃描式電子顯微鏡分析 30 3.6.3 X光能量散射光譜儀 31 3.7管柱實驗 31 3.7.1管柱組裝 31 3.7.2 K值量測 35 3.7.3管柱實驗方法 36 3.7.3.1 乳化液包覆奈米過氧化鈣傳輸 36 3.7.3.2乳化液和奈米過氧化鈣加強微生物降解 37 3.8三氯乙烯生物降解產物分析 37 3.8.1自動頂空採樣器 37 3.8.2氣相層析儀 37 3.9總有機碳分析儀 38 3.10總菌數-濾膜法 39 第四章 結果與討論 40 4.1奈米過氧化鈣 40 4.1.1過氧化鈣製備結果 41 4.2乳化液包覆奈米過氧化鈣之管柱傳輸 48 4.2.1 K值量測 48 4.2.2追蹤劑傳輸結果 49 4.2.3不同油膜厚度之乳化液包覆奈米過氧化鈣之傳輸 50 4.3三氯乙烯之生物降解 57 4.3.1量測K值 57 4.3.2追蹤劑傳輸結果 58 4.3.3三氯乙烯與乳化液達平衡試驗 60 4.3.4乳化液加強生物降解三氯乙烯 64 4.3.4.1空白組降解三氯乙烯之情形 64 4.3.4.1實驗組降解三氯乙烯之情形 65 4.3.4.3微生物降解三氯乙烯與其他文獻比較與討論 70 第五章 結論與建議 72 5.1結論 72 5.2建議 73 第六章 參考文獻 74zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWen_US
dc.publisher環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-2208201321445000en_US
dc.subject乳化液zh_TW
dc.subjectemulsionen_US
dc.subject奈米過氧化鈣zh_TW
dc.subject三氯乙烯zh_TW
dc.subject管柱傳輸zh_TW
dc.subject生物降解zh_TW
dc.subjectcalcium peroxide nanoparticleen_US
dc.subjecttrichloroetheneen_US
dc.subjecttransporten_US
dc.subjectbiodegradation.en_US
dc.title乳化液與奈米過氧化鈣加強生物降解三氯乙烯之管柱試驗zh_TW
dc.titleColumn study on application of emulsion and calcium peroxide nanoparticle to enhance biodegradation of trichloroetheneen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.languageiso639-1zh_TW-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.grantfulltextnone-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
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