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Photocatalytic hydrogen production from wastewater of ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid using Pt/TiO2 photocatalyst
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As liquid crystal display (LCD) products have been extensively applied, a large amount of cleaner for LCD manufacture was used and a great deal of waste water was produced. In the LCD manufacturer, the waste water mainly composed of EDTA (Ethylene Diamine Tetra Acetates) and water. However, the large amount of waste water treatment cost much money. Therefore, this study used photocatalytic reaction to decompose waste water and convert it to hydrogen (H2) energy. In this study, the effect of sacrificial reagents on the photocatalytic H2 production was investigated. In addition, the LCD manufacture waste water was used as sacrificial reagent, and the effect of reaction conditions on the photocatalytic H2 production and waste water decomposition was also evaluated. The results indicated the H2 production rate was strongly affected by sacrificial reagents and initial solution pH. The initial solution pH determined the surface charge of TiO2 and the chemical state of sacrificial reagents. Therefore, the pH of the solution mainly affected the electron-donating ability between sacrificial reagents and TiO2. In the case of this study, the optimal initial solution pH could be determined according to dissociation equilibrium constants of sacrificial reagents and zeta potential point of photocatalyst. For LCD manufacturer waste water decomposition, the decomposition rate constant was evaluated by the result of chemical oxygen demand. The result showed the decomposition of the prepared waste water fitted irreversible unimolecular-type first-order reaction. The decomposition rate and H2 production rate was strongly affected by EDTA concentration and initial solution pH. The H2 production rate and the decomposition rate of waste water from LCD manufacture could be much enhanced by modification of initial solution pH. The study showed the treatment of LCD manufacture waste water by photocatalytic reaction could not only decompose pollutant but also produce H2.
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