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Automation of Livestock Production (II)
The objective of this project is to create a capital and technique concentrated production environment to replace the traditional production method of labor intense demanded. The output of this project will cut the labor requirement, reduce cost, increase productivity and improve product quality and establish competition ability for domestic farmers to against the strike of this nation's entering WTO. The operation procedure for the automation of livestock production is to apply mechanization and microprocess control into the works of feeding, harvesting, livestock management, waste management, and environment control. The final goal is to achieve the electronic automation by adding works of computerizing production and management information, combining computer network and electrical commerce techniques. This will maintain the existence endurance and competition ability of livestock industry in this country. In this year five major areas of research are included. There are two survey researches, which will study the demands of production automation by livestock sector in Taiwan and the required automation techniques and equipment for goat industry. Two researches are in the area of feeding automation, which will investigate to the automation of milk feeding on lamb and the machine improvement for silage and TMR making. Six researches are in the area of harvesting automation, which are development of online milk electric conductivity measuring system, two different eggshell quality inspection machines, egg washing and grading machine, slaughter machine of country chicken, and the automatic management of heat detection and mastitis in dairy farms. Six researches are in the area of management automation, which include environmental control systems development of enclosed broiler houses for feeding of swing and caged chicken, managing system improvement of water-pad broiler chicken house, cooling system improvement of dairy and sheep barn, system performance improvement of estrus detecting of dairy cow, and efficiency study of chicken feeding between caged and wet pad broiler houses. Three researches are in the area of waste management automation, which are demonstration and extension of an automatic poultry air pollution treatment system, system development for identification of pig farm odor using artificial olfactory sensor, and system improvement of automatic monitoring and control of livestock wastewater. The benefit expected from these researches includes economizing the use of labor, increasing the production efficiency, enhancing the product quality, adding farmer profit, reducing pollution and improving the ability of computerized management. This project will also encourage domestic related theoretical researches and raising the manufacturing techniques in the machine and equipment for the automation of livestock production.
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