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標題: 台灣地區水稻田甲烷通量的觀測與模擬
Observation and simulation of methane fluxes over rice paddies in Taiwan
作者: 馮浦捷
Feng, Pu-Jie
關鍵字: 渦流協變法(EC);Eddy covariance;開放式甲烷分析儀(LI-7700);隨意渦流累積法(REA);甲烷通量;Open path CH4 analyzer;Relaxed eddy accumulation;Methane flux
出版社: 環境工程學系所
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Minami (1990) Effects of organic matter application on methane emission from some Japanese paddy fields. Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 36: 599-610. Yagi, K. and K. Minami (1991) Emission and production of methane in the paddy fields of Japan. Japan Agricultural Research Quarter (JARQ) 25: 165-171. Yagi, K., 1997. Methane emission from paddy fields. Bull. Natl.Inst. Agro-Environ. Sci., Tsukuba, Japan 14, 96–210. Zou, J., Huang, Y., Jiang, J., Zheng, X., and Sass, R. L.: A 3-year field measurement of methane and nitrous oxide emissions from rice paddies in China: Effects of water regime, crop residue, and fertilizer application Glob. Biogeochem. Cy., 19, doi:10.1029/2004GB002401, 2005 中央氣象局網站 ( 行政院農業委員會網站 ( 張家嘉,2006,水稻田溫室氣體排放動態模式之發展及情景評估,碩士論文,國立雲林科技大學研究所。 林佑勳,2009,以快速甲烷分析儀結合紊流協變性系統探討甲烷通量之研究,碩士論文,國立中興大學環境工程研究所。 張晉豪,2011,利用隨意渦流累積系統觀測水稻田溫室氣體CH4及CO2之探討,碩士論文,國立中興大學環境工程研究所。 農糧署,2011,稻米良好農業規範
許多研究指出甲烷對全球氣候變化之影響顯著,甲烷的全球暖化潛勢為二氧化碳之23倍,主要來源為農業、掩埋場、濕地及家畜排泄物等。本研究以觀測霧峰農試所85號實驗田之甲烷通量為目標,搭配台灣稻作一年二期之頻率,於2012年2月22日至2012年6月5日進行實地觀測。利用渦流協變法(Eddy Covariance, EC)、三維音波風速計(CSAT3)搭配開放式甲烷分析儀(LI-7700),量測水稻田甲烷通量及氣象因子等資料,亦以隨意渦流累積法(Relaxed Eddy Accumulation, REA)進行方法校驗。
本研究以統計方法將REA及EC進行相關性迴歸,R2達0.81,顯示兩方法間具一定可信度,土壤溫度與甲烷排放為高度正相關,本研究結果顯示通量於下午較高,約16 μg m-2 s-1,通量介於-5 ~ 16μg m-2 s-1間。影響田間水位變化之原因為人為灌溉及自然降雨。實驗期間之水位深度與累積雨量具相同變化趨勢,當土壤含水率及水位深度下降時,其甲烷通量呈上升趨勢。

Many researches mentioned that the effect in global warming of methane is Significant, global warming potential of methane is 23, the major source of methane is agriculture, landfill, wetland and domesticated animal. In this study, the target is observing methane flux on Wung Fong Agricultural Research Institute NO.85, coordinating with frequency of rice-planting in Taiwan, in situ measurement from 22th February to 5th June in 2012. We used the fast methane analyzer based on three dimensional sonic anemometers (csat3) with eddy covariance system and Relaxed Eddy Accumulation observed methane flux.
This experiment shows that the coefficient of determination between REA and EC is 0.81, the soil temperature and methane generation exist a strong positive correlation, the methane flux range about -5 to 16μg m-2 s-1. Irrigation and rainfall are the reasons which affect the water depth, water depth and accumulated rainfall had the same trend during the experiment. The result shows that when soil moisture and water depth decline, the methane flux raise.
其他識別: U0005-2607201218310900
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