Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5894
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor林明德zh_TW
dc.contributorMin-Der Linen_US
dc.contributor.author施秋澤zh_TW
dc.contributor.authorShih, Chiu-Tseen_US
dc.contributor.other環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.date2013en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-06-06T06:36:00Z-
dc.date.available2014-06-06T06:36:00Z-
dc.identifierU0005-1408201313540400en_US
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dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11455/5894-
dc.description.abstract本研究針對臺中市29個行政區625個里,蒐集民國96至100年(2007~2011年)五年間固定污染源揮發性有機物申報排放量及人口數,以年為單位,透過地理資訊系統繪製揮發性有機物等排放量圖、排放量網格資料、人口密度網格資料及癌症死亡人數分佈圖等,再經由疊合分析出在不同排放量區間之暴露人口數及相關之空間分佈特性。 研究結果顯示,有將近50%的人口數是暴露在較低排放量下(0~1,000公斤/年),且大部份的排放量級距暴露人口數均是呈穩定或下降的趨勢,除了暴露在3,001~5,000公斤/年的人口數是以每年約2%上升成長,推估應與固定污染源高密集度區域之人口持續成長有關。此外,比對分析結果發現,癌症死亡比例並未與排放量之高低有直接之相關性。 若長期暴露在高排放量的揮發性有機物下,除了影響身體健康外,也可能導致癌症的誘發。因此,建議環保局除應確實掌握固定污染源排放特性指紋資料外,也應積極推動有害空氣污染物(Hazardous Air Pollutants, HAPs)物種公告及其相關排放管制策略。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractThis study analyzes the spatial distribution of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emissions in 29 districts of Taichung city from 2007 to 2011. The data were collected from officially annual reports of emissions of stationary air pollution sources. Spatial analysis, such as population distribution, emission distribution, and exposure populations, were performed by geographic information system to investigate the correlation between VOCs and cancer mortality.. The results showed that nearly 50 percent of the population is exposed to a VOCs emission level of 0 to 1,000 kg/year. Generally, the exposure populations of most of the emission levels remain stable or decreased, except that the exposure population of emission level of 3,001 to 5,000 kg/year increased approximately 2% per year. Furthermore, the analysis indicates that there is no significant correlation between cancer mortality and VOCs emission. Since long-term exposure to high VOCs emissions will not only affect human health but also increase risk of cancer. Therefore, the Environmental Protection Bureau should sufficiently collect the stationary air pollution sources characteristics and fingerprint data, and actively promote hazardous air pollutants species control strategies and other related emission control policies.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘要...i Abstract...ii 目錄...iii 表目錄...V 圖目錄...VI 第一章 前言...1 1-1 研究動機...1 1-2 研究目的...1 1-3 研究範圍...1 1-4 研究流程架構...1 第二章 文獻回顧...3 2-1 揮發性有機物...3 2-1-1 揮發性有機物的定義及來源...3 2-1-2 揮發性有機物對人體的影響...5 2-1-3 揮發性有機物與癌症間之關係...7 2-2 空氣污染物排放量推估...7 2-2-1 固定污染源排放量推估方法...7 2-2-2 排放量資料庫之種類...10 2-3 地理資訊系統簡介...10 2-3-1 地理資訊系統之應用...12 2-3-2 地理資訊系統於揮發性有機物空間分析之應用...12 第三章 研究方法...14 3-1 研究案例背景說明...14 3-1-1 人口分佈...16 3-1-2 產業分佈...18 3-2 資料蒐集...19 3-2-1 固定污染源VOCs排放量資料...19 3-2-2 污染源座標資料建置...20 3-2-3 各里人口數資料彙整...21 3-3 癌症與揮發性有機物間之相關性...21 3-4 地理資訊系統資料建置...21 3-4-1 地理資訊系統...21 3-4-2 等排放量圖繪製...21 3-4-3 套疊分析(Overlay)...22 第四章 研究結果與討論...23 4-1 揮發性有機物排放量網格資料...23 4-2 揮發性有機物人口密度網格資料...26 4-3 揮發性有機物等排放量圖...30 4-4揮發性有機物排放量及癌症死亡人數之相關性...33 第五章 結論與建議...42 5-1 結論...42 5-2 建議...42zh_TW
dc.language.isozh_TWen_US
dc.publisher環境工程學系所zh_TW
dc.relation.urihttp://www.airitilibrary.com/Publication/alDetailedMesh1?DocID=U0005-1408201313540400en_US
dc.subject臺中市zh_TW
dc.subjectTaichung Cityen_US
dc.subject固定污染源zh_TW
dc.subject地理資訊系統zh_TW
dc.subject揮發性有機物zh_TW
dc.subject暴露人口數zh_TW
dc.subjectstationary air pollution sourcesen_US
dc.subjectgeographic information systemsen_US
dc.subjectvolatile organic compoundsen_US
dc.subjectexposure populationen_US
dc.title臺中市揮發性有機物空間分佈初探zh_TW
dc.titleResearch on the Spatial Distribution of the Volatile Organic Compounds in Taichung Cityen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairecristypehttp://purl.org/coar/resource_type/c_18cf-
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.cerifentitytypePublications-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
item.languageiso639-1zh_TW-
item.grantfulltextnone-
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