Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5896
標題: 轉爐及電弧爐煉鋼製程之生態效益評估
Eco-efficiency Assessment on Basic Oxygen Furnace and Electric Arc Furnace Steelmaking Processes
作者: 蔡宗霖
Tsai, Tsung-Lin
關鍵字: 轉爐;Basic oxygen furnace;電弧爐;煉鋼製程;生態效益;Electric arc furnace;steelmaking process;Eco-efficiency
出版社: 環境工程學系所
引用: 中文部分 1.刁冠超,“印刷電路板產業生態效益績效與經營績效相關性之研 究”,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,2004。 2.工業技術研究院綠能與環境研究所,2010年製造業能源查核年報, 2010。 3.中鋼公司,2011中鋼企業社會責任報告書,2011,P.31。 4.中鴻鋼鐵股份有限公司企業網站 http://www.chsteel.com.tw/ch/pd/hot_step.htm,2007 http://www.chsteel.com.tw/ch/pd/cold_step.htm,2007 5.刑金池,“電弧爐氧化碴資源化再利用之研究”,碩士論文,國立 台北科技大學,2004。 6.柯佳君,“結合生命週期評估與生態效益之研究-PU合成樹脂廠之 案例”,碩士論文,朝陽科技大學,2006。 7.胡憲倫、湯新如,農業、旅遊業及金融業的清潔生產介紹,清潔生 產資訊雙月刊第17期,1998。 8.黃正忠,生態效益的商業價值,工安環保報導第17期,2003。 9.黃馨儀、胡憲倫,「企業績效評估的管理工具-生態效益指標系統 之研究」, 2001年兩岸管理科學學術研討會,2001。 10.黃亭瑾,“電弧爐煉鋼煙塵風化對濕式除氯之影響”,碩士論 文,國立成功大學,2007。 11.黃振維,“電弧爐煉鋼Cd、Pb無害化技術與流程之研究”,碩士 論文,國立聯合大學,2007。 12.綠野鋼莊: http://museum.csc.com.tw/Content_Html.aspx?progId=R00194, 2007 13.葉利全,“建立鋼鐵業生態效益指標”,碩士論文,國立中興大 學,2007。 14.經濟部工業局,電弧爐煉鋼業污染防治技術,P.16,1994 15.經濟部工業局,鋼鐵業廢棄物資源案例彙編,P.11,1996 16.經濟部工業局,產業生態效益指標建立指引,2002 17.鄭清元,“電弧爐煉鋼爐渣特性及取代混凝土粗骨材之研究”, 碩士論文,國立中央大學,2000。 18.謝明瑞,國政研究報告 - 台灣鋼鐵業的發展,財團法人國家政策 研究基金會,2001。 19.豐興鋼鐵股份有限公司企業網站: http://www.fenghsin.com.tw/processing.htm,2012 20.蘇茂豐、陳立,電弧爐煉鋼爐碴資源化現況及未來與展望,工業 污染防治,第93期,P.33。 西文部份 1.Atkins,A.,2000.Eco-efficiency: Improving Stakeholder Value. Malmo,Sweden. 2.Anite Systems ,1999.A First Set of Eco-Efficiency Indicators for Industry: Pilot Study.European Commission: Eurostat and DG Enterprise.pp.20-53. 3.Desimone,L.D. and Popoff,F.,1997. Eco-efficiency,The Business Link to Sustainable Development.The MIT Press, Cambridge MA. 4.Frosch,R.A.,and Gallopoulos,N.,1989.Strategies for Manufacturing.Scientific America,261(3),pp.144-152. 5.Graedel,T.E. and Allenby,B.R.,1995.Industrial Ecology, NJ:Prentice-Hall.Englewood Cliffs. 6.Gouldson,A.and Welford,R.,1993.Environmental Management and Business Strategy.Pitman Publishing,London. 7.ISO - International Organization for Standardizaion: http://www.iso.org/iso/iso_catalogue/catalogue_tc/catalogue_tc_browse.htm?commid=54854&development=on,2011 8.Mata,T.M.,Martins A.A.A.,and Costa C.A.V.,2000. Cost Eco-efficiency Indicators and Environmental Management System as Complimentary Tools.Euro-conference of Quality of Life-Sustainability- Environmental Changes.Austria. 9.Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD),1998.Eco-Effieiency. pp.15. 10.Ranganathan,J.,1999.Signs of Sustainability-Measuring Corporate Environmental and Social Performance,Sustainable Measures Evaluation and Reporting of Environment and Social Performance. 11.Schaltegger,S. and Synnestvedt,T.,2002.The Link between Green and Economic Success:Environmental Management as The Crucial Trigger between Environmental and Economic Performance. 12.Journal of Environmental Management,65,pp.339-346. 13.Stevels,A.L.N.,1999.Eco-efficiency of Take Back Systems of Electronic Products.Proceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Symposium on Electronics and the Environment,Danvers. pp.286-291,May 11-13. 14.Verfaillie,H.A. and Bidwell,R.,2000.Measuring Eco- Effieiency A Guide To Reporting Company Performance.World Business Council for Sustainable Development(WBCSD). 15.World Steel Association,2008.Sustainability Report of the World Steel Industry.pp.29.
摘要: 
鋼鐵工業一向被社會大眾認為是高污染、高耗能、高排碳量的產業,而在鋼鐵工業中,煉鋼製程為鋼材品質良窳之關鍵,且投入之原物料種類及用量繁多,故其對環境之衝擊甚大。在現今環保意識高漲及二氧化碳排放等環保議題廣受社會大眾重視之下,鋼鐵工業的建廠與營運常受到外部利益相關者的反對。因此,如何在企業獲利與環境保護兩者之間取得平衡,是企業經營的重要課題。
而世界企業永續發展委員會(World Business Council for Sustainable Development;WBCSD)所發展出的「生態效益指標」的量化架構,連結了財務面與環境面的績效,提供了產業界一個很好的環境管理技術工具。近年來許多企業用以展現其環境績效,透過「生態效益」的建立,可以協助企業在追求獲利的同時,得以兼顧環境保護的需求。
本研究以某個案公司之轉爐及電弧爐煉鋼製程為例,透過生態效益概念及其指標之建立、生態效益比值計算及生態效益象限圖的建立,可以得知其生態效益比值及趨勢,呈現出兩種煉鋼製程對環境所造成的衝擊。結果顯示在2010至2011年間,轉爐煉鋼製程多數環境面指標的生態效益比值較電弧爐煉鋼製程高。但是,在生態效益績效方面,透過生態效益象限圖的建立,可以發現轉爐煉鋼製程沒有一項指標位於完全的生態效益區,而電弧爐煉鋼製程因進行了製程改善,因此在原料用量、電力用量、粒狀污染物排放量等三項環境面指標均位於完全的生態效益區。藉此可讓管理階層了解此兩種煉鋼製程的環境及財務績效,作為自我評量的依據,以了解自我的競爭力,並可做為內部管理及決策之參考工具,創造更高的獲利及環境績效。

Steel industry is always considered by community as high pollution, energy desired, and high CO2 emission. The smelting process is the key to steel product quality with large input of multi-variety material that impacts environment seriously. New factory establishing and operation often receive neeistamce from associate party in recent population focus regarding to environmental safety and CO2 emission reduction issues. Therefore, the important lesson learned for business operation is how to balance profit and environmental safety.

“Eco-efficiency indicators” developed by World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) is a well environment management tool derived by quantity structure to link performance between finance and environment. Many companies use this tool to show its environment care performance. This tool assist company to satisfy the require of environment care without impact company performance by setup eco-efficiency.

This study bases on Basic Oxygen Furnace (BOF) and Electric Arc Furnace (EAF) steelmaking processes of a company. By establishing the eco-efficiency and indicators, it presents the environment impact of two types of process by environment efficiency ratios and trend. The results reveal the most environmental eco-efficiency ratio of BOF process are higher than EAF process during period of 2010-2011. However, no indicator of BOF process locates in the full eco-efficiency area of eco-efficiency quadrant picture . As EAF improved steelmaking process, the indicators of amount of raw materials, power consumptions and particulate pollutions all locate in the full eco-efficiency area. Eco-efficiency makes it possible for managers to comprehend financial and environmental performance of two steelmaking processes. Eco-efficiency also serves as the reference for self-assessment, which make companies create high profits and environment performance.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/11455/5896
其他識別: U0005-0507201211235000
Appears in Collections:環境工程學系所

Show full item record
 
TAIR Related Article

Google ScholarTM

Check


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.