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dc.contributor.authorChung, Ai-Juen_US
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dc.description.abstract本研究以雙床吸附塔填充3-胺基丙基三乙氧基矽烷(3-aminopropyl)triethoxysilane, APTS)改質奈米碳管(carbon nanotubes, CNTs),模擬實場煙道氣經除硫系統(flue gas desulfurization, FGD)前後之環境條件,進行二氧化碳(CO2)吸脫附效率測試,並作為未來實場應用之參考依據及評估其可行性。單床試驗求得CNT(APTS)於25 °C、15% CO2及無水條件下之工作吸附量為61.0 mg/g,當脫附溫度為150 °C及脫附壓力為0.1 bar時,有最佳的再生工作吸附量41.2 mg/g,且CO2濃縮率為57.9 %;經10次再生循環吸脫附試驗後,其工作吸附量仍可維持在41.5 mg/g,而CO2濃縮率則為53.1 %。於飽和相對濕度(RH=100%)環境下,當吸附溫度為25 °C時,其工作吸附量可提升至86.9 mg/g,CO2濃縮率也可提升至82%,經再生循環10次吸脫附後,工作吸附量仍可維持在68.8 mg/g,而CO2濃縮率則為69 %。當進流氣體中含有50 ppm與200 ppm 的SO2濃度時,由於CNT(APTS)會吸附些許的SO2,因此會使得吸附CO2的效能下降9至13 mg/g;而當進流氣體中含有NOx濃度時,CNT(APTS)不會吸附NOx,因此並不會影響吸附CO2的效能。CNT(APTS)於雙床吸附塔中進行連續循環吸脫附實驗,在乾式環境下進行再生循環100次,其第100次的工作吸附量為38.1 mg/g,CO2濃縮率為56.5% ;在濕式環境下,當再生循環100次時,工作吸附量可提升至63.3 mg/g,CO2濃縮率為69 %。綜合以上結果,CNT(APTS)之再生吸脫附及有效濃縮CO2,對於未來在實場的CO2捕獲及濃縮上,具開發之潛力。zh_TW
dc.description.abstractCarbon nanotubes (CNTs) were modified by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTS) and were employed as sorbents of CO2 from gas streams by dual-bed adsorber packed. This study investigates the adsorption behavior as well as their regeneration and desorption properties in different operation conditions to increase the effect of water vapor, SO2 and NOx. The adsorption capacities (qw) of CNT(APTS) was 61.0 mg/g in dry system under 15% CO2 at 25 �C. When the TSA/VSA optimal conditions were at 150 �C and 0.1 bar, the qw decreased to 41.2 mg/g and the ratio of CO2 concentrate was 57.9 %. The qw was 41.5 mg/g and the ratio of CO2 concentrate was 53.1 % after 10 cycles. Under the same conditions with 100 %(v/v) of water content, the qw of CNT(APTS) upgraded to 86.9 mg/g and the ratio of CO2 concentrate also upgraded to 82 %. The qw was 68.8 mg/g and the ratio of CO2 concentrate was 69 % after 10 cycles. When the inflow gas contained SO2, the CNT(APTS) on the adsorption of CO2 performance degraded about 9 to 13 mg/g. When the inflow gas contained NOx, the CNT(APTS) would not affect the adsorption of CO2 performance. Using dual-bed adsorber packed to operate 100 cycles of adsorption/desorption with TSA/VSA process, the qw decreased to 38.09 mg/g and the ratio of CO2 concentrate was 56.5% under 15% CO2 at 25 �C conditions in dry system. At the same conditions with 100 % (v/v) of water content, the qw upgraded to 63.3 mg/g and the ratio of CO2 concentrate was 69%. For these reasons, CNT(APTS) is possibility of prolonged cyclic operation and promising adsorbent for CO2 capture from flue gas.en_US
dc.description.tableofcontents摘 要 i Abstract ii 目 錄 iii 圖 目 錄 v 表 目 錄 vii 參數符號表 viii 第一章 前言 1 1.1. 研究動機 1 1.2. 研究目的 2 第二章 文獻回顧 3 2.1. 全球暖化的影響 3 2.2. 二氧化碳的介紹 5 2.2.1. 二氧化碳來源及性質 5 2.2.2. 二氧化碳減量策略 6 2.2.3. 二氧化碳捕獲途徑 7 2.2.4. 二氧化碳捕獲與封存技術 11 2.3. 奈米碳管特性 16 2.4. 吸附理論 17 2.4.1. 吸附種類 17 2.4.2. 吸附影響因子 18 2.5. 變溫變壓吸脫附技術 20 2.5.1. 雙塔TSA技術 20 2.5.2. 雙塔PSA技術 21 第三章 實驗設備與方法 25 3.1. 研究流程 25 3.2. 試驗材料 27 3.2.1. 吸附材製備程序 27 3.2.2. 實驗設備與材料 28 3.3. 吸附實驗 29 3.3.1. 吸/脫附設備圖 29 3.3.2. 吸附量計算 31 3.4. 吸脫附程序 33 3.5. 特性分析與方法 34 3.5.1. 熱重分析 34 3.5.2. 比表面積分析 35 第四章 結果與討論 36 4.1. 高溫/低壓脫附再生程序 36 4.1.1. 溫度與吸附量之分析 36 4.1.2. 壓力與吸附量之分析 39 4.2. 含水率對吸脫附效率測試 41 4.2.1. 含水率循環吸脫附試驗 41 4.3. SO2對循環高溫/低壓吸脫附效率測試 44 4.3.1. SO2循環吸脫附試驗 44 4.3.2. SO2循環吸脫附TGA分析 46 4.4. NOx對循環高溫/低壓吸脫附效率測試 48 4.4.1. NOx循環吸脫附試驗 48 4.4.2. NOx循環吸脫附TGA分析 50 4.5. 雙床吸附塔連續吸脫附實驗 52 4.5.1. 乾式循環吸脫附試驗 52 4.5.2. 含水率循環吸脫附試驗 54 4.5.3.雙床吸附塔連續吸脫附比表面積及孔洞分佈分析 56 4.5.3. 雙床吸附塔連續吸脫附TGA分析 57 4.6. 成本分析 59 第五章 結論與建議 62 5.1. 結論 62 5.1. 建議 63 參考文獻 64zh_TW
dc.subjectCO2 captureen_US
dc.subjectcarbon nanotubesen_US
dc.subjectdual-bed adsorber packeden_US
dc.titleA study on CO2 capture by a dual-bed adsorber packed with modified mutiwalled carbon nanotubesen_US
dc.typeThesis and Dissertationzh_TW
item.openairetypeThesis and Dissertation-
item.fulltextno fulltext-
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