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|標題:||Molecular epidemiology of a Shigella flexneri outbreak in a mountainous township in Taiwan, Republic of China||作者:||Chiou, C.S.
|關鍵字:||field gel-electrophoresis;united-states;common-source;infections;patterns;sonnei;transmission;strains||Project:||Journal of Clinical Microbiology||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Clinical Microbiology, Volume 39, Issue 3, Page(s) 1048-1056.||摘要:||
An outbreak of shigellosis occurred in a township of Nantou Conuty in central Taiwan from August to October in 1996. The infections extended to two neighboring townships and continued to the end of 1996. Forty cases were confirmed during the period, in contrast to only one confirmed case in Nantou County in 1996 before the outbreak AII of these 41 cases in 1996 were identified as infections with Shigella flexneri serotype 2a, In order to trace the source of the infections, the 41 isolates recovered were analyzed by plasmid profile and pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE), There was no correlation between the plasmid profile results and the PFGE results, and the latter were used for subtyping of the 41 isolates. Twenty-two isolates (53%) had the same Natl and XbaI PFGE patterns, and 4 isolates (10%) had an additional unstable plasmid band in their NotI patterns but otherwise had the same NotI and XbaI patterns as the 22 isolates. These 26 isolates were designated the outbreak strain, and of these, 24 appeared in eight villages in one township and 2 appeared in a neighboring township. Fourteen of the remaining 15 isolates, including the isolate recovered 7 months before the outbreak, had both NotI and XbaI PFGE patterns closely related to those of the outbreak strain, indicating that Shigella infections were endemic in the area, By tracing the first isolation dates of the outbreak strain in individual villages and the neighboring township, it was found that the strain spread along the major arterial road and its branch road as time passed. Our molecular typing results and epidemiological data demonstrated the endemic nature of the outbreak strain as well as a person-to-person mode of transmission for the widespread infections the strain caused.
|Appears in Collections:||分子生物學研究所|
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