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標題: 應用於無線通訊之壓控振盪器設計與實作
Design and Implementation of Voltage Control Oscillator for Wireless Communication Applications
作者: 彭敬超
Peng, Jing-Chao
關鍵字: 電感電容壓控振盪器;LC VCOs
出版社: 電機工程學系所
引用: [1] S.-M. Oh, C.W. Kim, and S.-G. Lee, “A 74%, 1.56-2.71 GHz, wide-tunable LC-tuned VCO in 0.35-μm CMOS technology,” Microwave and Optical Technology Letters, vol. 37, pp.98-100, April, 2003. [2] A. M. Niknejad, “Multi-mode and wideband VCO design,” RFIC, 2003. [3] Nathan Sneed, “A 2-GHz CMOS LC-tuned VCO using switched-capacitors to compensate for Bondwire inductance variation,” Master Thesis, University of California, Berkeley, Dec, 2000. [4] F. Herzel, H. Erzgraber, and N. Ilkov, “A new approach to fully integrated CMOS LC-oscillators with a very large tuning range,” IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp. 573-576, 2000. [5] F. Herzel, H. Erzgraber, and P. Weger, “Integrated CMOS wideband oscillator for RF applications,” Electronics Letters, vol. 37, March, 2001. [6] A.Kral, F. Behbahani, and A. A. Abidi, “RF-CMOS oscillators with switched tuning,” IEEE Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, pp.555-558, 1998. [7] P. Andreani, A. Bonfanti, L. Romano, and C. Samori, “Analysis and design of a 1.8-GHz CMOS LC quadrature VCO,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, pp.1737-1747, Dec. 2002. [8] D. B. Leeson, “A Simple Model of Feedback Oscillator Noise Spectrum,” Proc. IEEE, Vol. 54, pp. 329-330, Feb. 1966. [9] H. Darabi and A. A. Abidi, “Noise in RF-CMOS mixers a simple physical model,” IEEE Transaction of Solid-State Circuits, vol.35, No.1, pp.15-25, Jun. 2000. [10] C. Samori, A. L. Lacaita, A. Zanchi, S. Levantino, and F. Torrisi, “Impact of Indirect Stability on Phase Noise Performance of Fully-Integrated LC Tuned VCOs,” in European Solid-State Circuits Conference, Duisburg, Germany, pp. 202-205, 1999. [11] A. Hajimiri and T. H. Lee, “A general theory of phase noise in electrical oscillators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 33, pp. 179-194, Feb. 1998. [12] T. H. Lee and A. Hajimiri, “Oscillator phase noise: A tutorial,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 35, pp. 326-336, Mar. 2000. [13] B. Razavi, “A study of phase noise in CMOS oscillators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 31, pp. 331-343, Mar. 1996. [14] A.Hajimiri and T.H. Lee, “Design issues in CMOS differential LC oscillators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 34, pp.717-214, May 1999. [15] H. Wang, A.Hajimiri and T.H. Lee, “Correspondence: Comments on "Design issues in CMOS differential LC oscillators,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 35, pp.286-287, Feb. 2000. [16] A. Ismail and A.A. Abidi, “CMOS differential LC oscillator with suppressed up-converted flicker noise,” in Proc. Int. Solid-State Circuits Conf., San Francisco, CA, 2003, pp. 98–99. [17] S. Levantino, C. Samori, A. Bonfanti, S.L.J. Gierkink, A.L. Lacaita, and V. Boccuzzi, “Frequency dependence on bias current in 5-GHz CMOS VCOs: Impact on tuning range and flicker noise upconversion,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol.37, no.8, pp.1003–1011, Aug. 2002. [18] Rael, J.J., Abidi, A. A., “Physical Processes of Phase Noise in Differential LC Oscillators,” IEEE Custom Integrated. Circ. Conf. (CICC), 2000. [19] B. D. Muer, M. Borremans, M. Steyaert, and G. L. Puma, “A 2GHz low-phase-noise integrated LC-VCO set with flicker-noise upconversion minimization,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 35, pp.1034-1038, July. 2000. [20] E. Hegazi, H. Sjoland, and A.A. Abidi, “A filtering technique to lower LC oscillator phase noise,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol.36, no.12, pp.1921–1930, Dec. 2001. [21] S. L. J. Gierkink, S. Levantino, R. C. Frye, C. Samori and V. Boccuzzi, “A low-phase-noise 5-GHz CMOS quadrature VCO using superharmonic coupling,” IEEE J. Solid-State Circuits, vol. 38, pp.1148-1154, July 2003. [22] N. H. W. Fong, J. Plouchart, N. Zamdmer, D. Liu and L. F. Wagner, C. Plett, and N. G. Tarr, “A 1-V 3.8-5.7-GHz wide-band VCO with differentially tuned accumulation MOS varactors for common-mode noise rejection in CMOS SOI technology,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Tech., vol. 51, pp.1952-1959, Aug. 2003. [23] Johan van der Tang, Pepijn van de Ven, Dieter Kasperkovitz, and Arthur van Roermund, “Analysis and Design of an Optimally Coupled 5-GHz Quadrature LC Oscillator,” IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits, vol. 37, no. 5, pp. 657-661, May, 2002. [24] P. van de Ven et al., “An optimally coupled 5-GHz quadrature LC oscillator,” in Symp. VLSI Circuits, 2001, pp. 115–118. [25] Jae-Hong Chang and Choong-Ki Kim, “symmetrical 6-GHz fully integrated cascode coupling CMOS LC quadrature VCO,” IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters, VOL. 15, NO. 10, October 2005. [26] M.Tiebout, ”Low-power low-phase-noise differentially tuned quadrature VCO design in standard CMOS,” IEEE J.Solid-State Circuits,vol.36, No.7, pp.1018-1024, July 2001. [27] S. M. Yim, K. K. O, “Demonstration of a switched resonator concept in a dual-band monolithic CMOS LC-tuned VCO,” in Proc. Custom Integrated Circuits Conference (CICC),pp. 205-208, 2001. [28] Aeok-Ju Yun; So-Bong Shin; Hyung-Chul Choi; Sang-Gug Lee; “A 1mW current-reuse CMOS differential LC-VCO with low phase noise,” Solid-State Circuits Conference, 2005. Digest of Technical Papers. ISSCC. 2005 IEEE International 6-10 Feb. 2005 Page(s):540 - 616 Vol. 1 [29] B. Razavi, “RF Microelectronics,”2003 [30] 台灣大學沈致賢, “壓控振盪器之設計與實作,” 2003. [31] 復旦大學唐長文, ”電感電容壓控振盪器,“ 2004. [32] B. Razavi, “Design of Integrated Circuits for Optical Communications,”2002. [33] 大同大學陳建樺, “雙頻段2.4/5.2Ghz壓控振盪器設計,” 2003.
最後,針對射頻(Radio Frequency)之頻段,我們使用TSMC 0.18um CMOS標準製程來實現本論文中3個VCO電路。第一個電路為頻率5.2GHz結合相位雜訊降低技術與自行設計之元件的壓控振盪器,第二個電路為頻率5.2GHz使用Cascode耦合方式產生四相位的壓控振盪器以及最後一個為使用切換電感的雙頻段2.4/5.2GHz壓控振盪器電路。

In this thesis, the theory and implementation of LC VCOs are studied. First, a brief introduction on oscillator theory and class is described. Secondly, two behavior models are described to analyze the phase noise, these models explains the thermal and flicker noise contributing to the phase noise of the VCO. Based on the knowledge of phase noise theory, the optimization approaches are used to design excellent VCO performance.
Finally, focus on the band of the Radio Frequency, the TSMC 0.18um CMOS process is adopted to implement the VCO design. These VCOs are fabricated and have following characteristics, one VCO uses lowering phase-noise techniques and combine the component designed by myself. Another VCO adapts cascode coupling method to generate quadrature phases. The other VCO uses switching inductor to construct 2.4/5.2GHz dual-band application.
其他識別: U0005-0208200615364800
Appears in Collections:電機工程學系所

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