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標題: Toxicological and antioxidant effects of short-term dehydroepiandrosterone injection in young rats fed diets deficient or adequate in vitamin E
作者: Ng, H.P.
Wang, Y.F.
Lee, C.Y.
Hu, M.L.
關鍵字: dehydroepiandrosterone;vitamin E;lipid peroxidation;glucose;6-phosphate dehydrogenase;lipid-peroxidation;carbon-tetrachloride;liver-microsomes;dhea;proliferator;tissues;sulfate
Project: Food and Chemical Toxicology
期刊/報告no:: Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 37, Issue 5, Page(s) 503-508.
This study examined the in vivo antioxidant and/or prooxidant effect of short-term dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) injection and the effect of dietary vitamin E. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (4 wk old) were Fed vitamin E-deficient or vitamin E adequate (30 mg DL-alpha-tocopheryl acetate/kg) diet for 4 weeks followed by intraperitoneal injection of DHEA for 1 week. The results showed that DHEA injection caused a dose-dependent decrease in body weight, and this effect was more pronounced in vitamin E-deficient rats. In contrast, DHEA injection significantly increased liver, kidney and adrenal weights. Hepatic vitamin E content was significantly lowered by vitamin E deficiency, which led to significantly increased ex vivo and iron-induced lipid peroxidation. DHEA injection did not affect hepatic vitamin E content but significantly decreased ex vivo and iron-induced lipid peroxidation in vitamin E-deficient rats. Hepatic total sulfhydryl (SH) groups and non-protein SH contents were not affected by vitamin E but were significantly increased by DHEA injection, which at 100 mg/kg was not more effective than at 50 mg/kg. Hepatic glutathione S-transferase (GST) activity was significantly decreased by DHEA, but vitamin E alleviated such a decrease. DHEA injection significantly increased hepatic glucose 6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) activity, and the effect was dose dependent in vitamin E-deficient rats. Thus, DHEA may compensate for vitamin E deficiency in vivo, and this effect is masked when dietary vitamin E is adequate. The antioxidant effect of DHEA is accompanied by decreased body weights, enlarged (fat-laden) tissues and altered activities of hepatic GST and G6PD. (C) 1999 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0278-6915
DOI: 10.1016/s0278-6915(99)00032-0
Appears in Collections:食品暨應用生物科技學系

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