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標題: Genistein attenuates D-galactose-induced oxidative damage through decreased reactive oxygen species and NF-kappa B binding activity in neuronal PC12 cells
作者: Hsieh, H.M.
Wu, W.M.
Hu, M.L.
關鍵字: D-galactose;Genistein;Oxidative damage;Nuclear factor-kappa B;Manganese-superoxide dismutase;advanced glycation;superoxide-dismutase;flavonoids;induction;stress;activation;expression;gene;cytotoxicity;modulation
Project: Life Sciences
期刊/報告no:: Life Sciences, Volume 88, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 82-88.
Aims: We investigated the mechanism of D-galactose (DG)-induced oxidative damage and the neuroprotective action of genistein in PC12 cells. Main methods: PC12 cells were treated with 40 mM DG dissolved in medium containing 85% RPMI1640, 10% HBS and 5% FBS with or without genistein. We measured the protein expression of beta-amyloid (A beta), advanced glycation end products (AGEs), I kappa B-alpha and manganese-superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) by western blotting, intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) by 2, 7-dichlorofluorescin-diacetate, and the binding activity of nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) by electrophortic mobility shift assay. Key findings: DG (40 mM) completely retarded cell growth after incubation for 72 h, and this effect was not due to osmotic changes, as 40 mM mannitol had no effect. Mechanistically, we found that DG increased intracellular ROS starting at 4 h and increased A beta and AGEs at 24 h. DG treatment for 24 h also increased the binding activity of NF-kappa B but strongly decreased the expression of I kappa B-alpha protein. Furthermore, DG treatment for 48 h increased MnSOD protein expression. All these effects of DG were effectively inhibited by genistein (0.5-10 mu M). Significance: The present study indicates that the protection of genistein against DG-induced oxidative stress in PC12 cells, and the effect is likely mediated by decreased intracellular ROS and binding activity of NF-kappa B. (C) 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0024-3205
DOI: 10.1016/j.lfs.2010.10.021
Appears in Collections:食品暨應用生物科技學系

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