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標題: Antimicrobial activities of tapioca starch/decolorized hsian-tsao leaf gum coatings containing green tea extracts in fruit-based salads, romaine hearts and pork slices
作者: Chiu, P.E.
Lai, L.S.
關鍵字: Green tea extracts;Antimicrobial;Decolorized hsian-tsao leaf gum;Edible spraying coatings;Food-borne pathogens;Yeasts/molds;escherichia-coli o157-h7;vapor barrier properties;listeria-monocytogenes;edible films;shelf-life;nisin;fresh;acid;food;inhibition
Project: International Journal of Food Microbiology
期刊/報告no:: International Journal of Food Microbiology, Volume 139, Issue 1-2, Page(s) 23-30.
The antimicrobial activities of edible coatings based on a tapioca starch/decolorized hsian-tsao leaf gum (dHG) matrix with various green tea extracts (GTEs) were evaluated. Its effect on the shelf-life extension of fruit-based salads, romaine hearts, and pork slices were investigated as well. Three types of GTEs from hot water (80 degrees C) (W), 40% (E4) and 80% (E8) ethanol were prepared. It was found that all GTEs showed pronounced inhibition on Gram positive bacteria in agar media, including Staphylococcus aureus BCRC 10781, Bacillus cereus BCRC 11778 and Listeria monocytogenes BCRC 14848, but not on Gram negative bacteria, such as Escherichia coli DH10 beta and Salmonella enteria BCRC 10747. The antimicrobial activities increased with increasing GTEs concentration (1.2 and 5%). but did not differentiate significantly in terms of the effect of extraction solvents. When various GTEs (1%) were added to an edible coating formulation based on 1.35% tapioca starch + 0.15% dHG +0.225% glycerol, pronounced antimicrobial activity on Gram positive bacteria was also observed as evaluated by using cylinder diffusion and antimicrobial migration tests. It was believed that the active compounds in green tea extracts could leave the coating matrix and migrate to increase the non-growth area. When being sprayed on various real food models, all tapioca starch/dHG coatings containing GTEs could successfully reduce the aerobic counting and growth of yeasts/molds by 1 to 2 log cycles in fruit-based salads, as compared to the control sample. Furthermore, during refrigerated storage of romaine hearts and pork slices for 48 h, tapioca starch/dHG coatings with E4 extracts demonstrated pronounced antimicrobial activity against Gram positive bacteria (4-6 log cycles reduction), followed by W extracts and E8 extracts in a decreasing order. Such results implied the high efficacy of antimicrobial migration of tapioca starch/dHG coatings containing GTEs and their application potentials on foods. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ISSN: 0168-1605
DOI: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2010.01.010
Appears in Collections:食品暨應用生物科技學系

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