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標題: Isolation and characterization of superoxide dismutase from wheat seedlings
作者: Lai, L.S.
Chang, P.C.
Chano, C.T.
關鍵字: pH and temperature optimum;thermal inactivation kinetics;metal ions;chemical modification reagents;chemical modification;purification;chymotrypsin;enzyme;grass
Project: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
期刊/報告no:: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Volume 56, Issue 17, Page(s) 8121-8129.
Two major superoxide dismutases (SODs; SODs I and II) were found in the crude enzyme extract of wheat seedlings after heat treatment, ammonium sulfate fractionation, anionic exchange chromatography, and gel permeation chromatography. The purification fold for SODs I and II were 154 and 98, and the yields were 11 and 2.4%, respectively. SOD I was further characterized. It was found that SOD I from wheat seedlings is a homodimer, with a subunit molecular mass of 23 kDa. Isoelectric focusing electrophoresis (IEF) and zymogram staining results indicated that the isoelectric point of SOD I is 3.95. It belongs to the MnSOD category due to the fact that it was insensitive to KCN or hydrogen peroxide inhibitor. This MnSOD from wheat seedlings was found to be stable over pH 7-9, with an optimum pH of 8, but was sensitive to extreme pH, particularly to acidic pH. It was stable over a wide range of temperatures (5-50 degrees C). Thermal inactivation of wheat seedling MnSOD followed first-order reaction kinetics, and the temperature dependence of rate constants was in agreement with the Arrhenius equation. The activation energy for thermal inactivation of wheat seedling MnSOD in the temperature range of 50-70 degrees C was found to be 150 kJ/mol. HgCl2 and SIDS at a concentration of 1.0 mM significantly inhibited enzyme activity. Chemical modification agents, including diethyl pyrocarbonate (2.5 mM) and Woodward's reagent K (50 mM), significantly inhibited the activity of wheat seedling SOD, implying that imidazole groups from histidine and carboxyl groups from aspartic acid and glutamic acid are probably located at or near the active site of the enzyme.
ISSN: 0021-8561
DOI: 10.1021/jf800859f
Appears in Collections:食品暨應用生物科技學系

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