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|標題:||Inhibition of reactive nitrogen species effects in vitro and in vivo by isoflavones and soy-based food extracts||作者:||Yen, G.C.
|關鍵字:||isoflavones;soybean;yuba;reactive nitrogen species;nitrotyrosine;antioxidant activity;nitric-oxide synthase;factor-kappa-b;antioxidant activity;estrogen-receptors;soybean foods;cancer cells;peroxynitrite;genistein;nitrate;phytoestrogens||Project:||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry||期刊/報告no：:||Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, Volume 51, Issue 27, Page(s) 7892-7900.||摘要:||
Recent studies have shown that soy isoflavone inhibits inducible nitric oxide (NO) synthase activities and is reported to have peroxynitrite scavenging ability. Consequently, we investigated whether isoflavones (daidzein and genistein) and extracts from soy-based products (miso, soymilk, tofu, soy sprout, black soybean, soybean, and yuba) would inhibit the reactive nitrogen species (RNS) effect in vitro and in vivo. In the in vitro experiments [including the protection of cellular DNA from peroxynitrite or sodium nitroprusside damage, an inhibitory effect on nitric oxide production from lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced RAW 264.7 cells, and nitric oxide scavenging ability], extracts from soy-based foods showed a. potent antioxidant activity and an inhibiting effect on RNS activity. These effects were correlated with total isoflavone content. In the in vivo experiments, rats were given isoflavones (4.0 mg/kg bw) or soy-based product extracts (1.0 g/kg bw) orally for 1 week and were injected with vehicle H2O (1 mL/kg bw) or LPS (10 mg/kg bw) on the day 7. Twelve hours after treatment, the rats were killed, and blood serum was collected for analysis. The intraperitoneal administration of LPS resulted in an increase in serum nitrite, nitrate, and nitrotyrosine concentrations. These are stable metabolite end products of nitric oxide, to 4-, 16-, and 5-fold levels, (4, 10 muM and 58 +/- 14 pmol/mL), of the placebo control, respectively. Results showed that oral administration of isoflavones and extracts from soy-based products significantly decreased serum nitrite, nitrate, and nitrotyrosine levels in LPS-induced rats. This study demonstrates that soy isoflavone supplementation may inhibit RNS-induced oxidation both in vitro and in vivo.
|Appears in Collections:||食品暨應用生物科技學系|
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